- A combination of individual cognitive behavioural therapy and of psychiatric rehabilitation is more effective in reducing hopelessness than group cognitive behavioural therapy combined with psychiatric rehabilitation or psychiatric rehabilitation only.
- Hopelessness is a cardinal symptom of depression and one of the main risk factors for suicide. Reduction of hopelessness under nine on the Beck Hopelessness Scale reduces the risk of suicide in depressed patients. In this study, the mean scores on the Beck Hopelessness Scale decreased in all groups under nine.
- Psychiatric rehabilitation with individual cognitive behavioural therapy for depressed patients suffering from hopelessness can be delivered effectively by an interdisciplinary team including advanced psychiatric nurses.