SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allen, M. S., 1997: Relationship between fermentation acid production in the rumen and the requirement for physically effective fiber. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 14471462.
  • AOAC, 2002: Official Methods of Analysis, 17th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
  • Beauchemin, K. A.; Farr, B. I.; Rode, L. M.; Schaalje, G. B., 1994: Optimal neutral detergent fiber concentration of barley based diets for lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 10131029.
  • Bhatti, S. A.; Firkins, L., 1995: Kinetics of hydration and functional specific gravity of fibrous feed by-products. Journal of Dairy Science 73, 14491458.
  • Clark, P. W.; Armentano, L. E., 1997: Influence of particle size on the effectiveness of beet pulp fiber. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 898904.
  • Firkins, J. L., 1997: Effects of feeding non-forage fiber sources on site of fiber digestion. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 14261437.
  • Friggens, N.; Emmans, G. C.; Robertson, S.; Chamberlain, D. G.; Whittemore, C. T.; Oldham, J. D., 1995: The lactational responses of dairy cows to amount of feed and to the source of carbohydrate energy. Journal of Dairy Science 78, 17341742.
  • Giger-Reverdin, S., 2000: Characterization of feedstuffs for ruminants using some physical parameters. Animal Feed Science Technology 86, 5369.
  • Grant, R. J., 1997: Interactions among forages and non-forage fiber sources. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 14381446.
  • Grovum, W. L.; Williams, V. J., 1973: Rate of passage of digesta in sheep 4: passage of markers through the alimentary tract and the biological relevance of rate-constants derived from changes in concentration of markers in feces. British Journal of Nutrition 30, 231242.
  • Hohorst, H. J., 1965: Lactate. In: Methods of Enzymatic Analysis. H. U. Bergmeyer (Ed.). Academic Press, New York, NY, pp. 266270.
  • Humphries, D. J.; Sutton, J. D.; Cockman, D. M.; Witt, M. W.; Beever, D. E., 2004: Pressed Sugar Beet Pulp as an Alternative Fibre Source for Lactating Dairy Cows, Proceeding of Annual Meeting. BSAS, York.
  • Iranian Council of Animal Care. 1995: Guide to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals, Vol. 1. Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.
  • Kononoff, P. J., 2002: The effect of ration particle size on dairy cows in early lactation. Ph. D. Thesis. The Pennsylvania State University, USA.
  • Lammers, B. P.; Buckmaster, D. R.; Heinrichs, A. J., 1996: A simple method for the analysis of particle sizes of forages and total mixed rations. Journal of Dairy Science 79, 922928.
  • Mansfield, H. R.; Stern, M. D.; Otterby, D. E., 1994: Effects of beet pulp and animal by-products on milk yield and in vitro fermentation by rumen microorganisms. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 205216.
  • Merchen, N. R.; Firkins, J. L.; Berger, L. L., 1986: Effects of intake and forage level on ruminal turn over rates, bacterial protein synthesis, and duodenal amino acid flows in sheep. Journal of Animal Science 62, 216224.
  • Mertens, D. R., 1997: Creating a system for meeting the fiber requirements of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 14631481.
  • Mojtahedi, M.; Danesh Mesgaran, M., 2011: Effects of the inclusion of dried molassed sugar beet pulp in a low-forage diet on the digestive process and blood biochemical parameters of Holstein steers. Livestock Science 141, 95103.
  • O'Mara, F. P.; Murphy, J. J.; Rath, M., 1997: The effect of replacing dietary beet pulp with wheat treated with sodium hydroxide, ground wheat, or ground corn in lactating cows. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 530540.
  • Pereira, J. C.; Gonzalez, J., 2004: Rumen degradability of dehydrated beet pulp and dehydrated citrus pulp. Animal Research 53, 99110.
  • Robertson, J. A.; Eastwood, M. A., 1981: An investigation of the experimental conditions, which could affect water-holding capacity of dietary fiber. Animal Feed Science and Technology 32, 819825.
  • Rooke, J. A.; Rymer, C.; Maya, F. M.; Armstrong, D. G., 1992: Effect of including barley or molassed sugar beet feed in grass silage diets on their digestion by cattle and sheep. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 48, 475489.
  • SAS, 2001: SAS User's Guide (version 9.1). SAS Inst., Cary, NC.
  • Sudweeks, E. M.; Ely, L. O.; Mertens, D. R.; Sisk, L. R., 1981: Assessing minimum amounts and form of roughage in ruminant diets: roughage value index system. Journal of Dairy Science 53, 406411.
  • Swain, S. M.; Armentano, L. E., 1994: Quantitative evaluation of fiber from non-forage sources used to replace alfalfa silage. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 23182331.
  • Tamminga, S., 1993: Influence of feeding management on ruminant fiber digestibility. In: H. G. Jung, D. R. Buxton, R. D. Hartfield, J. Ralph (eds), Forage Cell Wall Structure and Digestibility. ASA, CSSA, SSSA, Madison, WI, pp. 571602.
  • Teimouri Yansari, A.; Valizadeh, R.; Naserian, A.; Christensen, D. A.; Yu, P.; Eftekhari Shahroodi, F., 2004: Effects of alfalfa particle size and specific gravity chewing activity, digestibility and performance of Holstein dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 87, 39123924.
  • Uden, P.; Colucci, E.; Van Soest, P. J., 1980: Investigation of chromium, cerium, and cobalt as markers in digesta rate of passage studies. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 31, 625632.
  • Valk, H.; KleinPoelhuis, H. W.; Wentink, H. J., 1990: Effects of fibrous and starchy carbohydrates in concentrates as supplements in a herbage-based diet for high yielding dairy cows. Netherland Journal of Agricultural Science 38, 475486.
  • Van Soest, P. J., 1994: Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminant. Durham and Downey, Oregan, USA.
  • Van Soest, P. J.; Robertson, J. B.; Lewis, B. A., 1991: Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science 74, 35833597.
  • Van Vuuren, A. M.; Van Der Koelen, C. J.; Vroons-De Bruin, J., 1993: Ryegrass versus cornstarch or beet pulp fiber diet effects on digestion and intestinal amino acids in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 76, 26922700.
  • Voelker, J. A.; Allen, M. S., 2003a: Pelleted beet pulp substituted for high-moisture corn:1. Effects on feed intake, chewing behavior, and milk production in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 86, 35423552.
  • Voelker, J. A.; Allen, M. S., 2003b: Pelleted beet pulp substituted for high-moisture corn: 2. Effects on digestion and ruminal digestion kinetics in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 86, 35533561.
  • Voelker, J. A.; Allen, M. S., 2003c: Pelleted beet pulp substituted for high-moisture corn: 3. Effects on ruminal fermentation, pH, and microbial protein efficiency in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 86, 35623570.
  • Wattiaux, M. A., 1990: A mechanism influencing passage of forage particles through the reticulo-rumen: Change in specific gravity during hydration and digestion. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA.
  • Zebeli, Q.; Tafaj, M.; Steingass, H.; Metzler, B.; Drochner, W., 2006: Effects of physically effective fiber on digestive content in early lactating dairy cows fed total. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 651668.