We would like to express our gratitude to Yayoi Kawasaki and Masaya Mochizuki for helpful comments, and one companion for assistance in making the slides. We also thank those who participated in the study.
The effects of schema on recognition memories and subjective experiences for actions and objects
Article first published online: 5 MAY 2013
© Japanese Psychological Association 2013
Japanese Psychological Research
Volume 55, Issue 4, pages 366–377, October 2013
How to Cite
Yamada, R. and Itsukushima, Y. (2013), The effects of schema on recognition memories and subjective experiences for actions and objects. Japanese Psychological Research, 55: 366–377. doi: 10.1111/jpr.12016
- Issue published online: 2 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 5 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 14 AUG 2012
- perception/thought/emotion/context questionnaire;
- recognition memory;
- remember/know judgment;
We examined how the schema affects recognition memories and subjective experiences for actions and objects. First, participants watched consecutive slides that described a man in the kitchen. In the slides, the man performed schema-consistent actions and schema-inconsistent actions, and schema-consistent objects and schema-inconsistent objects were left in the kitchen space. After watching the slides, participants completed a recognition test, a remember/know test, and a Perception/Thought/Emotion/Context questionnaire. For objects, the discrimination between targets and distracters was more accurate for schema-inconsistent items than for schema-consistent items, owing to perceptual, thought, and emotional recollections for schema-inconsistent object targets. For actions, schema-consistent targets were more frequently recognized than schema-inconsistent targets, with more remember judgments based on perceptual and contextual recollections. While item-specific information of schema-inconsistent targets could be elaborated for objects, the perceptual details and the contextual relationship of schema-consistent targets could be elaborated for actions. We also found less false recognitions for schema-consistent action distracters than for schema-consistent object distracters. The retrieval of the perceptual details of schema-consistent action targets could prevent false recognitions for schema-consistent action distracters.