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Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Awareness, Uptake, and Parental and Health Care Provider Communication Among 11- to 18-Year-Old Adolescents in a Rural Appalachian Ohio County in the United States

Authors

  • Madhav P. Bhatta PhD, MPH,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biostatistics, Environmental Health Sciences and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio
    • For further information, contact: Madhav P. Bhatta, PhD, MPH, Department of Biostatistics, Environmental Health Sciences and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Kent State University, 750 Hilltop Drive, 319 Lowry Hall, PO Box 5190, Kent, OH 44242; e-mail: mbhatta@kent.edu.

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  • Lynette Phillips PhD, MSPH

    1. Department of Biostatistics, Environmental Health Sciences and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio
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  • Disclosures: The authors have no disclosures to report.

  • Acknowledgments: We would like to thank Ms. Jennifer Burns and Mr. John McCall of the County Children and Family First Council and Ms. Susie Frew and Mr. Nicholas Cascarelli of the County General Health District for their collaboration in conducting the study. We would also like to thank the middle school students and their parents for their participation in and support of the survey.

Abstract

Purpose

This study examined human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine awareness and uptake, and communication with a parent and/or a health care provider among 11- to 18-year-old male and female adolescents in an Appalachian Ohio county.

Methods

Five questions regarding the HPV vaccine were added to the 2012 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) surveys administered to middle and high school students in the county. The YRBSS surveys are school-based, anonymous, and voluntary. The questions added were about vaccine awareness and uptake, and communication with a parent or health care provider about the vaccine.

Results

Of the 1,299 participants, 51.9% were male and 90.3% were white. Overall, 49.2%, 23.5%, 19.2%, and 24.6%, respectively, reported vaccine awareness, uptake of at least 1 dose of the HPV vaccine, communication with a parent, and communication with a health care provider. Females and adolescents ≥15 years were significantly more likely to report awareness, uptake, and parental and provider communication than males and adolescents ≤14 years. Adolescents receiving any dose of the vaccine were significantly more likely to have had a parent (OR: 3.74; 95% CI: 2.30-6.06) or a health care provider (OR: 10.91; 95% CI: 6.42-18.6) discuss the vaccine than those who had not received any dose.

Conclusions

Despite the strong link between parental and health care provider communication and HPV vaccine uptake, the levels of communication remain low in this Appalachian population. These findings suggest the need for public health education programs targeting the health care providers, the parents, and the adolescents to improve awareness, knowledge, and HPV vaccine uptake.

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