A case of antibacterial-responsive mucocutaneous disease in a seven-year-old dwarf lop rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) resembling mucocutaneous pyoderma of dogs

Authors

  • L. Benato,

    1. Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG
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  • M. R. Stoeckli,

    1. Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG
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  • S. H. Smith,

    1. Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG
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  • S. Dickson,

    1. Braid Vets, 171 Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3AZ
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  • K. L. Thoday,

    1. Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG
    2. The Roslin Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Division of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, Hospital for Small Animals, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG
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  • A. Meredith

    1. Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG
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Abstract

A seven-year-old, ovariohysterectomised female dwarf lop rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) was referred with severe swelling and erythema of the mucocutaneous junctions of the lips, nares and vulva. Bilateral, severe periocular dermatitis was also present. Heavy pure growths of a member of the Staphylococcus intermedius group were cultured from nasal and aural swabs and skin biopsies. Other possible differential diagnoses were eliminated by standard tests. The clinical features and histopathological characteristics of the biopsies were most consistent with mucocutaneous pyoderma, a dermatosis previously reported in dogs but not in rabbits. Treatment of the bacterial infection with oral marbofloxacin and topical ofloxacin eye drops together with supportive therapy resulted in resolution of the lesions. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of mucocutaneous bacterial pyoderma, similar to mucocutaneous pyoderma of dogs, in a rabbit.

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