Endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Enterococcus faecalis in a cat

Authors

  • E. Donzel,

    1. Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Unité de Recherche en Ophtalmologie Vétérinaire, Maisons-Alfort Cedex, France
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  • E. Reyes-Gomez,

    1. Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Unité d'embryologie, d'Histologie et d'Anatomie Pathologique, Maisons-Alfort Cedex, France
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  • S. Chahory

    1. Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Unité de Recherche en Ophtalmologie Vétérinaire, Maisons-Alfort Cedex, France
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Abstract

A three-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented for loss of vision associated with hyperthermia, lethargy and anorexia. Ophthalmic examination revealed a bilateral panuveitis. Cytological examination of aqueous and vitreous humours was performed and revealed a suppurative inflammation associated with numerous cocci. Enterococcus faecalis was identified by bacterial culture from aqueous and vitreous humour. No primary infection site was identified. Active uveitis resolved after systemic antibiotic therapy, but the vision loss was permanent. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first reported case of endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis secondary to E. faecalis infection in a cat.

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