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Family Involvement and Agency Cost Control Mechanisms in Family Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises


  • Lucrezia Songini,

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    • Address correspondence to: Lucrezia Songini, Department of Economics and Business, Eastern Piedmont University, Via Perrone, 18 - Novara 28100, Italy. E-mail:

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    • Lucrezia Songini is professor of Managerial Accounting in the Department of Economics and Business at the Eastern Piedmont University.
  • Luca Gnan

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    • Luca Gnan is professor of Organisational Behavior, Economy and Finance at the Tor Vergata University of Rome.


Family firms may experience different agency conflicts to the classical principal-agent conflict, which arise depending on the varying extent of family involvement. Agency cost control mechanisms should be introduced to cope with them. The paper focuses on family involvement, in governance (FIG) and in management (FIM), agency cost control mechanisms, and financial performance in family SMEs. The results show that FIG is negatively related to agency cost control mechanisms, but they are positively related to FIM, Finally, the importance of agency cost control mechanisms positively influences the financial performance. Hypotheses were tested using LISREL.