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Is the Family an “Asset” or “Liability” for Firm Performance? The Moderating Role of Environmental Dynamism

Authors

  • Francesco Chirico,

    Corresponding author
    • Address correspondence to: Francesco Chirico, Jönköping International Business School, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership—CeFEO, PO Box 1026, SE-551 11 Jönköping, Sweden. E-mail: francesco.chirico@jibs.hj.se.

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    • Francesco Chirico is Associate Professor at the Jönköping International Business School, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
  • Massimo Bau’

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    • Massimo Bau’ is Research Fellow at the Jönköping International Business School, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.

Abstract

By integrating the stewardship and agency perspectives, our study extends the understanding of the dynamics that regulate the family as either an asset or liability for the firm. Our results show that the percentage of family members on the top management team (TMT) has an inverted U-shaped relationship with firm performance. However, when environmental dynamism is low, this curvilinear relationship becomes steeper. When environmental dynamism is high, an increased percentage of family members on the TMT enhances firm performance.

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