Fernando Merino is associate professor at the Department of Applied Economics of the University of Murcia, Spain.
Family SMEs' Internationalization: Disentangling the Influence of Familiness on Spanish Firms' Export Activity†
Version of Record online: 3 APR 2014
© 2014 International Council for Small Business
Journal of Small Business Management
Volume 53, Issue 4, pages 1164–1184, October 2015
How to Cite
Merino, F., Monreal-Pérez, J. and Sánchez-Marín, G. (2015), Family SMEs' Internationalization: Disentangling the Influence of Familiness on Spanish Firms' Export Activity. Journal of Small Business Management, 53: 1164–1184. doi: 10.1111/jsbm.12111
Financial support provided by the Ministry of Innovation and Science through Project CSO2010-17761 is gratefully acknowledged.
- Issue online: 9 SEP 2015
- Version of Record online: 3 APR 2014
- Ministry of Innovation and Science through Project CSO2010-17761
This paper studies the relationships between family involvement and internationalization of family small and medium enterprises (SMEs), examining the effects exerted by the three main dimensions that comprise the concept of familiness: power, experience, and culture. Disentangling the influence of familiness dimensions lead us to discover the combined effects of family's governance, generation, and culture on SMEs' export activity. The results, using the F-PEC scale over a sample of 500 Spanish firms, show that this multidimensional approach better identifies the determinants of the family SMEs' internationalization. Specifically, we find that the family experience and its culture orientation positively affect the firm's export activity, whereas family governance/management does not have any significant influence.