Researchers have increasingly drawn on theories of resources to explain a variety of firm and supply chain outcomes. The concept of resources has become so important that it is now foundational to a large and growing body of supply chain research. In this introduction to the Special Topic Forum on Resources and Supply Chain Management, we provide some background on the concept of resources and recent theoretical advancements on why resources are important in the context of supply chains. We also offer some ways to advance theory related to resources in the supply chain management research. A key implication is that future supply chain management research must examine more granular issues regarding the management and allocation of supply chain resources.