Assessment of Female Sexual Function in Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Article first published online: 27 FEB 2013
© 2013 International Society for Sexual Medicine
The Journal of Sexual Medicine
Volume 10, Issue 5, pages 1350–1354, May 2013
How to Cite
Assessment of female sexual function in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus. J Sex Med 2013;10:1350–1354., , , , , , and .
- Issue published online: 25 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 27 FEB 2013
- State of São Paulo Foundation for Research Support (FAPESP). Grant Number: 07/50824-9
- Foundation for Support to Teaching, Research and Assistance of the Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine (FAEPA)
- Physical Therapy;
- Pelvic Floor;
- Gestational Diabetes;
- Sexual Dysfunction;
Female sexual dysfunction is a frequent problem that may be caused by several factors, such as pregnancy and diabetes, and that can affect the woman's quality of life.
The aim of this study was to assess the sexual function of pregnant women with gestational diabetes.
This is a cross-sectional clinical study involving 88 women, among which 33 were pregnant with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and 55 were with low-risk pregnancy (LRP).
Main Outcome Measures
Sexual function was assessed using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), a self-applicable questionnaire validated in Portuguese. All the pregnant women answered the questionnaire between the 20th and 25th week of gestation. Data were submitted to descriptive analysis by using the SAS version 9.2 procedure PROC MEANS (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA), whereas Student's t-test was applied by using the procedure PROC TTEST (SAS Institute Inc.) at a significance level of ≤5% for all analyses.
The percentage of women presenting sexual dysfunction in each group was the following: 66.7% in Group GDM and 38.9% in the Group LRP, with significant difference between the groups (P = 0.03). However, no significant differences were found between the groups regarding sexual desire, excitement, lubrication, and pain. On the total score of FSFI, Group GDM had a score ≤26.55 (P = 0.03).
Diabetic pregnant women were found to have a higher incidence of sexual dysfunction as their scores were lower for all FSFI domains compared with LRP females.