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Surgical Management of Penile Fracture and Long-Term Outcome on Erectile Function and Voiding


Corresponding Author: Georgios Hatzichristodoulou, MD, Department of Urology, Technische Universität München, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675 Munich, Germany. Tel: +49-89-4140-2522; Fax: +49-89-4140-4843; E-mail:



Penile fracture is an emergency in urology. Surgical management is recommended, but objective data of postoperative long-term effects, especially regarding voiding and erectile function, vary.


To assess long-term results of patients undergoing surgical therapy for penile fracture.


Patients presenting with suspicion of penile fracture were included in this study. Diagnosis of penile fracture was made by clinical assessment and surgery performed thereafter. The defect of the tunica albuginea was closed by absorbable suture. In case of concomitant urethral lesion, the defect was repaired simultaneously. Voiding and erectile function were evaluated at long-term follow-up by mail. Patients' status before penile fracture was assessed retroactively.

Main Outcome Measures

Erectile function was assessed by the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire and voiding function by the International Prostate Symptom Score questionnaire.


N = 34 patients were included. Penile fracture was suspected in 28/34 (82.4%) patients. Twenty-six of the 28 (92.9%) patients underwent surgery. Only less than half of confirmed fracture patients presented with the classical triad of an audible crack, detumescense, and hematoma. Fourteen of the 26 (53.8%) patients after surgery were available for follow-up. Mean follow-up was 45.6 months (range: 3.6–128.4). In 13/14 (92.9%) patients, penile fracture was confirmed by surgery. At follow-up, 7/13 (53.8%) patients had impaired erectile function, with 3/13 (23.1%) patients needing medical treatment. Four of the 13 (30.8%) patients showed deterioration of voiding including occurrence of urethral fistula.


Penile fracture is an emergency for which surgery should be offered. Clinical suspicion of fracture should be high even with hematoma alone. Concomitant urethral injury is common, particularly with bilateral corporal rupture and/or initial hematuria. Preoperative counseling should include discussion of long-term erectile and voiding dysfunction, penile deformity, and urethral fistula both with and without surgery. Close patient follow-up is required.