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Keywords:

  • Erectile Dysfunction;
  • Self Esteem;
  • Primary Care;
  • Quality of Sexual Life;
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors;
  • Couple Sexual Health

Abstract

Introduction.

Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5is) as oral treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED) facilitate the management of ED in primary care. Still, compliance is low and general practitioners (GPs) do not always feel confident with this pathology.

Aim.

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of a first treatment with PDE5i on the patient and his partner and the management of ED by GPs.

Methods.

The Evaluation après traitement de la dyfonction erectile, du bien-êtré émotionnel d'un patient en fonction de la rigidité de son érection survey was a longitudinal, observational French study with prospective collection of data from the GP, the patient, and his partner at baseline and after 3 months of treatment. GPs benefited from a short educational session before starting the survey.

Main Outcome Measures.

The main outcome measures are the Erection Hardness Score (EHS), Self-Esteem and Relationship (SEAR) questionnaire, Index of Sexual Life (ISL), and Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction.

Results.

A total of 478 men aged 19–80 years (mean 57 years) were included in the survey by 229 GPs. Before treatment, EHS was mostly grade 1 (28%) or 2 (44%). At the end of the survey, an improvement was reported for 88% of the patients and 58% achieved maximum score EHS 4 (penis completely hard and fully rigid). Mean SEAR scores significantly increased after 3 months for self-esteem, overall and sexual relationship, and more notably with greater improvement in EHS (P < 0.001). Improvement in partners’ ISL scores was significantly higher with greater improvement in EHS (P < 0.001) and in SEAR score for self-esteem. The safety profile of PDE5i was good with few adverse events, mostly headaches. More than 80% of the participating GPs considered that the survey had changed their management of ED.

Conclusion.

After 3 months of treatment with PDE5i, a significant improvement in self-esteem was observed in patients with ED, associated with improvement in erection. Costa P, Grandmottet G, Mai HD, and Droupy S. Impact of a first treatment with phosphodiesterase inhibitors on men and partners’ quality of sexual life: Results of a prospective study in primary care. J Sex Med **;**:**–**.