Evaluation of Sexual Functions of the Pregnant Women

Authors

  • Funda Tosun Güleroğlu MSc, RN,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Obstetric-Women Health and Gynaecological Nursing, Bozok University Health School, Yozgat, Turkey
    • Corresponding Author: Funda Tosun Güleroğlu, MSc, RN, Bozok University Health School, Erdoğan Akdağ Kampüsü, Yozgat 66100, Turkey. Tel: +90354 212 1034; Fax: +90354 242 1038; E-mail: fun.da.84@hotmail.com

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  • Nalan Gördeles Beşer PhD, RN

    1. Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Niğde University, Zübeyde Hanım Health School, Niğde, Turkey
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Abstract

Introduction

Pregnant women may avoid sexual intercourse or may unavoidably undergo problems in their sexual lives because of various complaints they suffer from.

Aim

The study aims to evaluate sexual functions of the pregnant women and to determine the factors that negatively affect their sexual health.

Methods

This is a descriptive research study conducted to evaluate sexual functions of pregnant women. Three hundred six pregnant women admitted to the Women Birth Polyclinics within the Women Birth and Children's Hospital between October 1, 2010 and March 31, 2011 were included in the study. The data were gathered using a personal information form and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Kruskall–Wallis variance analysis and Mann–Whitney U-tests were used for the statistical analysis.

Main Outcomes Measures

The main outcome is an assessment of the FSFI domains in pregnancy and relationships between pregnancy complaints and sexual functions.

Results

The results indicated that the mean age of the pregnant women was 25.6 ± 5.4 and their length of marriage was 5.93 ± 5.4 years. The study revealed that 88.9% of the pregnant women had sexual desire disorders, 86.9% had sexual arousal disorder, 42.8% had lubrication disorders, 69.6% had orgasm disorders, and 48% had sexual satisfaction disorders.

Statistically significant differences were found in correlations between FSFI medians and the characteristics of the pregnant women in terms of age, educational level, length and type of marriage, and gestational week. There were also statistically significant differences in correlations between the pregnancy characteristics in terms of backache, constipation, respiratory difficulty, leg ache, and cramp problems (P < 0.05).

Conclusions

It was determined that the sexual lives of the pregnant women were negatively affected not only by factors such as old age, low educational status, arranged marriages lasting for more than 10 years, undesired pregnancy, and gestational week but also by health problems such as backache, constipation, respiratory difficulty, leg ache, and cramp problems. Tosun Güleroğlu F and Gördeles Beşer N. Evaluation of sexual functions of the pregnant women. J Sex Med 2014;11:146–153.

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