SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alchanatis, M., Deligiorgis, N., Zias, N. et al. Frontal brain lobe impairment in obstructive sleep apnea: a proton MR spectroscopy study. Eur. Respir. J., 2004, 24: 980986.
  • Arzt, M., Young, T., Finn, L., Skatrud, J. B. and Bradley, T. D. Association of sleep-disordered breathing and the occurrence of stroke. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2005, 172: 14471451.
  • Bassetti, C. and Aldrich, M. S. Sleep apnea in acute cerebrovascular diseases: final report on 128 patients. Sleep, 1999, 22: 217223.
  • Bassetti, C., Milanova, M. and Gugger, M. Sleep-disordered breathing and acute ischemic stroke: diagnosis, risk factors, treatment, evolution, and long-term clinical outcome. Stroke, 2006, 37: 967992.
  • Bonnin-Vilaplana, M., Arboix, A., Parra, O., Garcia-Eroles, L., Montserrat, J. M. and Massons, J. Sleep-related breathing disorders in acute lacunar stroke. J. Neurol., 2009, 256: 20362042.
  • Davies, C. W., Crosby, J. H., Mullins, R. L. et al. Case control study of cerebrovascular damage defined by magnetic resonance imaging in patients with OSA and normal matched control subjects. Sleep, 2001, 24: 715720.
  • Eguchi, K., Kario, K., Hoshide, S., Ishikawa, J., Morinari, M. and Shimada, K. Nocturnal hypoxia is associated with silent cerebrovascular disease in a high-risk Japanese community-dwelling population. Am. J. Hypertens., 2005, 18: 14891495.
  • Elwood, P., Hack, M., Pickering, J., Hughes, J. and Gallacher, J. Sleep disturbance, stroke, and heart disease events: evidence from the Caerphilly cohort. J. Epidemiol. Community Health, 2006, 60: 6973.
  • Herrero, M. T., Barcia, C. and Navarro, J. M. Functional anatomy of thalamus and basal ganglia. Childs Nerv. Syst., 2002, 18: 386404.
  • Iber, C., Ancoli-Israel, S., Chesson, A., Quan, S. F. and for the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. The AASM Manual for the Scoring of Sleep and Associated Events: Rules, Terminology and Technical Specifications, 1st edn. American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Westchester, IL, 2007.
  • Jackson, C. and Sudlow, C. Are lacunar strokes really different? A systematic review of differences in risk factor profiles between lacunar and nonlacunar infarcts. Stroke, 2005, 36: 891901.
  • Kim, J., In, K., You, S. et al. Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in middle-aged Korean men and women. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2004, 170: 11081113.
  • Kobayashi, S., Okada, K., Koide, H., Bokura, H. and Yamaguchi, S. Subcortical silent brain infarction as a risk factor for clinical stroke. Stroke, 1997, 28: 19321939.
  • Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDCP). The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Korea Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Family Affairs, Seoul, Korea, 2010.
  • Kripke, D. F., Ancoli-Israel, S., Klauber, M. R., Wingard, D. L., Mason, W. J. and Mullaney, D. J. Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in ages 40–64 years: a population-based survey. Sleep, 1997, 20: 6576.
  • Lloyd-Jones, D., Adams, R., Carnethon, M. et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics – 2009 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation, 2009, 119: e21e181.
  • Minoguchi, K., Yokoe, T., Tazaki, T. et al. Silent brain infarction and platelet activation in obstructive sleep apnea. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2007, 175: 612617.
  • Munoz, R., Duran-Cantolla, J., Martinez-Vila, E. et al. Severe sleep apnea and risk of ischemic stroke in the elderly. Stroke, 2006, 37: 23172321.
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Special report. Classification of cerebrovascular diseases III. Stroke, 1990, 21: 637676.
  • Netzer, N., Werner, P., Jochums, I., Lehmann, M. and Strohl, K. P. Blood flow of the middle cerebral artery with sleep-disordered breathing: correlation with obstructive hypopneas. Stroke, 1998, 29: 8793.
  • Nishibayashi, M., Miyamoto, M., Miyamoto, T., Suzuki, K. and Hirata, K. Correlation between severity of obstructive sleep apnea and prevalence of silent cerebrovascular lesions. J. Clin. Sleep Med., 2008, 4: 242247.
  • Parra, O., Arboix, A., Bechich, S. et al. Time course of sleep-related breathing disorders in first-ever stroke or transient ischemic attack. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2000, 161: 375380.
  • Peppard, P. E., Young, T., Palta, M., Dempsey, J. and Skatrud, J. Longitudinal study of moderate weight change and sleep-disordered breathing. JAMA, 2000, 284: 30153021.
  • Shahar, E., Whitney, C. W., Redline, S. et al. Sleep-disordered breathing and cardiovascular disease: cross-sectional results of the Sleep Heart Health Study. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2001, 163: 1925.
  • Tishler, P. V., Larkin, E. K., Schluchter, M. D. and Redline, S. Incidence of sleep-disordered breathing in an urban adult population: the relative importance of risk factors in the development of sleep-disordered breathing. JAMA, 2003, 289: 22302237.
  • World Health Organization (WHO). The Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Consultation. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. Lancet, 2004, 363: 157163.
  • Yaggi, H. K., Concato, J., Kernan, W. N., Lichtman, J. H., Brass, L. M. and Mohsenin, V. Obstructive sleep apnea as a risk factor for stroke and death. N. Engl. J. Med., 2005, 353: 20342041.