Effect of warfarin treatment on thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) activation and TAFI-mediated inhibition of fibrinolysis
Article first published online: 7 FEB 2013
© 2012 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume 11, Issue 2, pages 315–324, February 2013
How to Cite
Effect of warfarin treatment on thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) activation and TAFI-mediated inhibition of fibrinolysis. J Thromb Haemost 2013; 11:315–24., , , , , , , .
- Issue published online: 7 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 7 FEB 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 19 DEC 2012 01:02PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Received: 26 JUL 2012
- clot resistance;
- clotting deficiency;
- TAFI ;
Severe clotting deficiencies are associated with enhanced in vitro fibrinolysis due to insufficient thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) activation. Because oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) with warfarin causes a partial deficiency of vitamin K-dependent factors, its effect on clot lysability remains unclear.
To evaluate plasma and blood fibrinolytic capacity in patients under stable OAT (n = 221) as compared with controls (n = 132).
Fibrinolysis resistance of plasma (turbidimetry) and blood (thromboelastography) clots was calculated as the lysis time of tissue factor-induced clots exposed to 30 and 100 ng mL−1 t-PA, respectively.
Plasma PAI-1 was similar in the two groups, whereas TAFI was slightly lower in patients. OAT plasma clots lysed faster than controls (P = 0.001). The addition of the TAFIa inhibitor PTCI reduced lysis time by 14% in OAT and 34% in controls, and the difference between the groups disappeared. Similar data were obtained with blood clots. Thrombin and TAFIa generation in OAT plasma amounted to roughly 50% of controls, supporting a reduced thrombin-dependent TAFI activation. Clot resistance of OAT plasma was normalized by Ba-citrate plasma eluate or prothrombin but not by BaSO4 serum eluate, rFVIIa or FX. Surprisingly, circulating levels of TAFIa and its inactive derivative TAFIai were higher in warfarin patients (P < 0.0001) and correlated with plasmin-antiplasmin (P = 0.0001) but not with prothrombin F1 + 2.
OAT enhances both plasma and blood fibrinolysis by reducing thrombin-dependent TAFI activation, a phenomenon largely determined by low prothrombin levels. At variance with in vitro data, ‘basal’ in vivo TAFIa/ai levels seem related to plasmin rather than thrombin generation.