Presented as a poster at the 2012 International Conference of Emerging Infectious Diseases in March 2012 (board 147; pg 104, ICEID 2012 Programs and Abstracts Book).
Diarrheal Illness Among US Residents Providing Medical Services in Haiti During the Cholera Epidemic, 2010 to 2011
Article first published online: 8 NOV 2013
Published 2013.This article is a U.S.Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
Journal of Travel Medicine
Volume 21, Issue 1, pages 55–57, January/February 2014
How to Cite
Schilling, K. A., Cartwright, E. J., Stamper, J., Locke, M., Esposito, D. H., Balaban, V. and Mintz, E. (2014), Diarrheal Illness Among US Residents Providing Medical Services in Haiti During the Cholera Epidemic, 2010 to 2011. Journal of Travel Medicine, 21: 55–57. doi: 10.1111/jtm.12075
- Issue published online: 3 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 8 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 20 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Received: 16 MAY 2013
Although nosocomial transmission of cholera is rare, two US healthcare workers (HCW) became ill with cholera after providing medical services during the Haiti cholera epidemic. To assess the incidence of diarrheal illness and explore preventive health behaviors practiced by US residents who provided medical services in Haiti, we conducted a cross-sectional, anonymous, web-based survey. We e-mailed 896 participants from 50 US-based, health-focused non-governmental organizations (NGOs), of whom 381 (43%) completed the survey. Fifty-six percent of respondents (n = 215) reported providing some care for patients with cholera. Diarrhea was reported by 31 (8%) respondents. One person was diagnosed with cholera by serologic testing. NGOs responding to international emergencies should ensure ample access to basic hygiene supplies and should promote their use to reduce the incidence of diarrheal illness among HCW working overseas.