• Open Access

Identification and Surgical Ligation of Aortopulmonic Vascular Malformation Causing Left Heart Volume Overload in 4 Dogs


  • Case 1 was presented to the pre-BSAVA satellite meeting of the Veterinary Cardiovascular Society, UK in April 2008

Corresponding author: G.J. Culshaw, Division of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, The University of Edinburgh, Hospital for Small Animals, Roslin EH25 9RG, UK; e-mail: geoff.culshaw@ed.ac.uk.