SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Fecteau ME, Whitlock RH. Paratuberculosis in cattle. In: Behr MA, Collins DM, eds. Paratuberculosis: Organism, Disease, Control. Oxfordshire, UK: CAB International; 2010:144156.
  • 2
    USDA. Johne's Disease on US Dairies, 1991 to 2007. Fort Collins, CO: USDA-APHIS-VS, CEAH, National Animal Health Monitoring System; 2008. N521.0408.
  • 3
    Belknap EB, Getzy DM, Johnson LW, et al. Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infection in two llamas. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1994;204:18051808.
  • 4
    Fecteau ME, Ross J, Tennent-Brown BS, et al. Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis high shedding in an adult female alpaca, and its implications for the rest of the herd. J Vet Intern Med 2009;23:13111314.
  • 5
    Fowler M. Johne's Disease in Llamas and Alpacas. Proceedings of the Annual US Animal Health Association Meeting, Minneapolis, MN; October 2006: 276282.
  • 6
    Wildlife Management Institute. Llamas a threat to bighorns? Outdoor News Bull 1995;49:34.
  • 7
    Stehman SM. Paratuberculosis in small ruminants, deer, and South American camelids. Vet Clin Food Anim 1996;12:441455.
  • 8
    Van Saun RJ. Nutritional requirements and assessing nutritional status in camelids. Vet Clin Food Anim 2009;25:265279.
  • 9
    Kramsky JA, Miller DS, Hope A, et al. Modification of a bovine ELISA to detect camelid antibodies to Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Vet Microbiol 2000;77:333337.
  • 10
    Miller DS, Collins MT, Smith BB, et al. Specificity of four serologic assays for Mycobacterium avium ss paratuberculosis in llamas and alpacas: A single herd study. J Vet Diagn Invest 2000;12:345353.
  • 11
    Alinovi CA, Ward MP, Lin TL, et al. Real-time PCR, compared to liquid and solid culture media and ELISA, for the detection of Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis. Vet Microbiol 2009;136:177179.
  • 12
    Collins DM, Gabric DM, de Lisle GW. Identification of two groups of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis strains by restriction endonuclease analysis and DNA hybridization. J Clin Microbiol 1990;28:15911596.
  • 13
    Shin S. Double incubation technique for cultivation of M paratuberculosis from bovine feces. Proceedings 93rd US Animal Health Association Meeting, 1989: 381.
  • 14
    Sweeney RW, Whitlock RH, Bowersock TL, et al. Effect of subcutaneous administration of a killed Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis vaccine on colonization of tissues following oral exposure to the organism in calves. Am J Vet Res 2009;70:493497.
  • 15
    Ghosh P, Chungyi H, Alyamani EJ, et al. Genome-wide analysis of the emerging infection with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in the Arabian camels (Camelus dromedarius). PLoS ONE 2012;7:e31947.
  • 16
    Topliff CL, Smith DR, Clowser SL, et al. Prevalence of bovine virus diarrhea virus infections in alpacas in the United States. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2009;234:519529.
  • 17
    Aly SS, Mangold BL, Whitlock WR, et al. Correlation between Herrold egg yolk medium culture and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction results for Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in pooled fecal and environmental samples. J Vet Diagn Invest 2010; 22:677683.