• 1
    Sutsch G, Jenni R, von Segesser L, Schneider J. Heart tumors: Incidence, distribution, diagnosis. Exemplified by 20,305 echocardiographies. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 1991;121:621629.
  • 2
    Ware WA, Hopper DL. Cardiac tumors in dogs: 1982–1995. J Vet Intern Med 1999;13:95103.
  • 3
    Aupperle H, Marz I, Ellenberger C, et al. Primary and secondary heart tumours in dogs and cats. J Comp Pathol 2007;136:1826.
  • 4
    MacDonald KA, Cagney O, Magne ML. Echocardiographic and clinicopathologic characterization of pericardial effusion in dogs: 107 cases (1985–2006). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2009;235:14561461.
  • 5
    Dunning D, Monnet E, Orton EC, Salman MD. Analysis of prognostic indicators for dogs with pericardial effusion: 46 cases (1985–1996). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1998;212:12761280.
  • 6
    Kerstetter KK, Krahwinkel DJ, Millis DL, Hahn K. Pericardiectomy in dogs: 22 cases (1978–1994). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997;211:736740.
  • 7
    Weisse C, Soares N, Beal MW, et al. Survival times in dogs with right atrial hemangiosarcoma treated by means of surgical resection with or without adjuvant chemotherapy: 23 cases (1986–2000). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005;226:575579.
  • 8
    Aronsohn M. Cardiac hemangiosarcoma in the dog: A review of 38 cases. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1985;187:922926.
  • 9
    Ehrhart N, Ehrhart EJ, Willis J, et al. Analysis of factors affecting survival in dogs with aortic body tumours. Vet Surg 2002;31:4448.
  • 10
    Vicari ED, Brown DC, Holt DE, Brockman DJ. Survival times of and prognostic indicators for dogs with heart base masses: 25 cases (1986–1999). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001;219:485487.
  • 11
    Fine DM, Tobias AH, Jacob KA. Use of pericardial fluid pH to distinguish between idiopathic and neoplastic effusions. J Vet Intern Med 2003;17:525529.
  • 12
    Berg RJ, Wingfield W. Pericardial effusion in the dog: A review of 42 cases. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1984;20:721730.
  • 13
    Sisson D, Thomas WP, Ruehl WW, Zinkl JG. Diagnostic value of pericardial fluid analysis in the dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1984;184:5155.
  • 14
    Swartout MS, Ware WA, Bonagura JD. Intracardiac tumors in two dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1987;23:533538.
  • 15
    Bright JM, Toal RL, Blackford LM. Right ventricular outflow obstruction caused by primary cardiac neoplasia. J Vet Intern Med 1990;4:1216.
  • 16
    Fernandez-del Palacio MJ, Sanchez J, Talavera J, Martinez C. Left ventricular inflow tract obstruction secondary to a myxoma in a dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2011;47:217223.
  • 17
    Warman SM, McGregor R, Fews D, Ferasin L. Congestive heart failure caused by intracardiac tumours in two dogs. J Small Anim Pract 2006;47:480483.
  • 18
    Shaw SP, Rozanski EA, Rush JE. Cardiac troponins I and T in dogs with pericardial effusion. J Vet Intern Med 2004;18:322324.
  • 19
    Chun R, Kellihan HB, Henik RA, Stepien RL. Comparison of plasma cardiac troponin I concentrations among dogs with cardiac hemangiosarcoma, noncardiac hemangiosarcoma, other neoplasms, and pericardial effusion of nonhemangiosarcoma origin. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2010;237:806811.