SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • Chemotherapy;
  • Equine;
  • Oncology;
  • Oncology treatment

Background

There is no information on the use of doxorubicin in horses with tumors.

Objective

To determine dose-limiting toxicosis (DLT) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of doxorubicin in tumor-bearing horses.

Animals

Seventeen horses with 34 localized or multicentric advanced tumors.

Methods

Two-stage dose-ranging design involving intrapatient and interpatient dose escalation. Treatment protocol included 6 treatment cycles given at 3-week intervals with dosages ranging from 40 to 85 mg/m2. Clinical signs, hematologic, and nonhematologic changes were evaluated.

Results

Total doses ranged from 1,127 to 2,900 mg in 12 horses that completed the assigned treatment protocols. The MTD was 75 mg/m2. Hypersensitivity reactions and neutropenia were dose limiting. Hypersensitivity was dose-dependent but schedule invariant. Neutropenia was dose- and cycle-dependent but dose-escalation schedule invariant. Cardiotoxicity was not observed.

Conclusion and Clinical Relevance

The recommended dosage of doxorubicin to treat horses is 70 mg/m2 given at 3-week intervals as single agent. Adjunctive treatment with antihistamines and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is recommended to control hypersensitivity.