SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Bartges JW. Diagnosis of urinary tract infections. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2004;34:92333, vi.
  • 2
    Ling GV. Therapeutic strategies involving antimicrobial treatment of the canine urinary tract. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1984;185:11621164.
  • 3
    Weese JS, Blondeau JM, Boothe D, et al. Antimicrobial use guidelines for treatment of urinary tract disease in dogs and cats: Antimicrobial guidelines working group of the International Society for Companion Animal Infectious Diseases. Vet Med Int 2011;2011:263768.
  • 4
    Albert X, Huertas I, Pereiro II, et al. Antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in non-pregnant women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;(3):CD001209.
  • 5
    Mastromarino P, Macchia S, Meggiorini L, et al. Effectiveness of Lactobacillus-containing vaginal tablets in the treatment of symptomatic bacterial vaginosis. Clin Microbiol Infect 2009;15:6774.
  • 6
    Petricevic L, Unger FM, Viernstein H, Kiss H. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of oral lactobacilli to improve the vaginal flora of postmenopausal women. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2008;141:5457.
  • 7
    Reid G, Dols J, Miller W. Targeting the vaginal microbiota with probiotics as a means to counteract infections. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2009;12:583587.
  • 8
    Stamey TA, Timothy M, Millar M, Mihara G. Recurrent urinary infections in adult women. the role of introital enterobacteria. Calif Med 1971;115:119.
  • 9
    Stapleton AE, Au-Yeung M, Hooton TM, et al. Randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial of a Lactobacillus crispatus probiotic given intravaginally for prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection. Clin Infect Dis 2011;52:12121217.
  • 10
    Groppetti D, Pecile A, Barbero C, Martino PA. Vaginal bacterial flora and cytology in proestrous bitches: Role on fertility. Theriogenology 2012;77:15491556.
  • 11
    van Duijkeren E. Significance of the vaginal bacterial Flora in the Bitch: A Review. Vet Rec 1992;131:367369.
  • 12
    Olson PN, Mather EC. Canine Vaginal and Uterine Bacterial flora. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1978;172:708711.
  • 13
    Delucchi L, Fraga M, Perelmuter K, et al. Vaginal lactic acid bacteria in healthy and ill bitches and evaluation of in vitro probiotic activity of selected isolates. Can Vet J 2008;49:991994.
  • 14
    Root Kustritz MV. Collection of tissue and culture samples from the canine reproductive tract. Theriogenology 2006;66:567574.
  • 15
    Stamey TA, Kaufman MF. Studies of introital colonization in women with recurrent urinary infections. II. A comparison of growth in normal vaginal fluid of common versus uncommon serogroups of Escherichia coli. J Urol 1975;114:264267.
  • 16
    Suman E, Gopalkrishna Bhat K, Hegde BM. Bacterial adherence and immune response in recurrent urinary tract infection. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2001;75:263268.
  • 17
    Brumfitt W, Gargan RA, Hamilton-Miller JM. Periurethral enterobacterial carriage preceding urinary infection. Lancet 1987;1:824826.
  • 18
    Finer G, Landau D. Pathogenesis of urinary tract infections with normal female anatomy. Lancet Infect Dis 2004;4:631635.
  • 19
    Gupta K, Stapleton AE, Hooton TM, et al. Inverse association of H2O2-producing lactobacilli and vaginal Escherichia coli colonization in women with recurrent urinary tract infections. J Infect Dis 1998;178:446450.
  • 20
    Barrons R, Tassone D. Use of Lactobacillus probiotics for bacterial genitourinary infections in women: A review. Clin Ther 2008;30:453468.
  • 21
    Antonio MA, Rabe LK, Hillier SL. Colonization of the rectum by Lactobacillus species and decreased risk of bacterial vaginosis. J Infect Dis 2005;192:394398.
  • 22
    Morelli L, Zonenenschain D, Del Piano M, Cognein P. Utilization of the intestinal tract as a delivery system for urogenital probiotics. J Clin Gastroenterol 2004;38:S10710.
  • 23
    McLean NW, Rosenstein IJ. Characterisation and selection of a Lactobacillus species to re-colonise the vagina of women with recurrent bacterial vaginosis. J Med Microbiol 2000;49:543552.