SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Ling GV. Therapeutic strategies involving antimicrobial treatment of the canine urinary tract. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1984;185:11621164.
  • 2
    Kruger J, Osborne C, Goyal SM, et al. Clinical evaluation of cats with lower urinary tract disease. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1991;199:211216.
  • 3
    Buffington C, Chew D, Kendall MS, et al. Clinical evaluation of cats with nonobstructive urinary tract diseases. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997;210:4650.
  • 4
    Litster A, Thompson M, Moss S, et al. Feline bacterial urinary tract infections: An update on an evolving clinical problem. Vet J 2011;187:1822.
  • 5
    Saevik BK, Trangerud C, Ottesen N, et al. Causes of lower urinary tract diseases in Norwegian cats. J Feline Med Surg 2011;13:410417.
  • 6
    Bartges JW. Diagnosis of urinary tract infections. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2004;34:923933.
  • 7
    McGuire NC, Schulman R, Ridgway MD, et al. Detection of occult urinary tract infections in dogs with diabetes mellitus. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2002;38:541544.
  • 8
    Forrester SD, Troy GC, Dalton MN, et al. Retrospective evaluation of urinary tract infection in 42 dogs with hyperadrenocorticism or diabetes mellitus or both. J Vet Intern Med 1999;13:557560.
  • 9
    Litster A, Moss S, Platell J, et al. Occult bacterial lower urinary tract infections in cats: Urinalysis and culture findings. Vet Microbiol 2009;136:130134.
  • 10
    Bailiff NL, Westropp JL, Nelson RW, et al. Evaluation of urine specific gravity and urine sediment as risk factors for urinary tract infections in cats. Vet Clin Pathol 2008;37:317322.
  • 11
    Davidson AP, Ling GV, Stevens F, et al. Urinary tract infections in cats: A retrospective study, 1977-1989. Calif Vet 1992;5:3234.
  • 12
    Lees GE. Bacterial urinary tract infections. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1996;26:297304.
  • 13
    Ling GV, Kaneko JJ. Microscopic examination of canine urine sediment. Calif Vet 1976;30:1418.
  • 14
    Swenson CL, Boisvert AM, Gibbons-Burgner SN, et al. Evaluation of modified Wright-staining of dried urinary sediment as a method for accurate detection of bacteriuria in cats. Vet Clin Pathol 2011;40:256264.
  • 15
    Swenson CL, Boisvert AM, Kruger JM, et al. Evaluation of modified Wright-staining of urine sediment as a method for accurate detection of bacteriuria in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2004;224:12821289.
  • 16
    Comer KM, Ling GV. Results of urinalysis and bacterial culture of canine urine obtained by antepubic cystocentesis, catheterization, and the midstream voided methods. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1981;179:891895.
  • 17
    Vail DM, Allen TA, Weiser G. Applicability of leukocyte esterase test strip in detection of canine pyuria. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1986;189:14511453.
  • 18
    Alfonso-Prieto M, Biarnes X, Vidossich P, et al. The molecular mechanism of the catalase reaction. J Am Chem Soc 2009;131:1175111761.
  • 19
    Millar L, Debuque L, Leialoha C, et al. Rapid enzymatic urine screening test to detect bacteriuria in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 2000;95:601604.
  • 20
    Waisman Y, Zerem E, Amir L, et al. The validity of the Uriscreen test for early detection of urinary tract infection in children. Pediatrics 1999;104:14.
  • 21
    Teppa RJ, Roberts JM. The uriscreen test to detect significant asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancy. J Soc Gynecol Investig 2005;12:5053.
  • 22
    Palmer LS, Richards I, Kaplan WE. Clinical evaluation of a rapid diagnostic screen (Uriscreen) for bacteriuria in children. J Urol 1997;157:654657.
  • 23
    Carrol KC, Hale DC, Von Boerum DH, et al. Laboratory evaluation of urinary tract infections in an ambulatory clinic. Am J Clin Pathol 1994;101:100103.
  • 24
    Raboissin D, Clement J, Quency N, et al. Detection of bacteriuria and bacteremia in newborn calves by a catalase- based urine test. J Vet Intern Med 2010;24:15321536.
  • 25
    Ling GV, Norris CR, Franti CE, et al. Interrelations of organism prevalence, specimen collection method, and host age, sex, and breed among 8,354 canine urinary tract infections (1969-1995). J Vet Intern Med 2001;15:341347.
  • 26
    Ball KB, Rubin JE, Chirino-Trejo M, et al. Antimicrobial resistance and prevalence of canine uropathogens at the Western College of Veterinary Medicine Veterinary Teaching Hospital, 2002-2007. Can Vet J 2008;49:985990.
  • 27
    Litster AL, Moss SM, Honnery M, et al. Prevalence of bacterial species in cats with clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease: Recognition of Staphylococcus felis as a possible urinary tract pathogen. Vet Microbiol 2007;121:182188.
  • 28
    Pezzlo MT. Detection of urinary tract infections by rapid methods. Clin Microbiol Rev 1988;1:268280.
  • 29
    Pezzlo MT, Wetkowski M, Peterson EM, et al. Detection of bacteriuria and pyuria within two minutes. J Clin Microbiol 1985;21:578581.
  • 30
    Weese JS, Blondeau JM, Booth D, et al. Antimicrobial use guidelines for treatment of urinary tract disease in dogs and cats: Antimicrobial guidelines working group of the International Society for Companion Animal Infectious Diseases. Vet Med Int 2011;2011:19.
  • 31
    Eggertstodottir AV, Lund HS, Krontveit R, et al. Bacteriuria in cats with feline lower urinary tract disease: A clinical study of 134 cases in Norway. J Feline Med Surg 2007;9:458465.
  • 32
    Eggertstodottir AV, Saevik BK, Halvorsen I, et al. Occurrence of occult bacteriuria in healthy cats. J Feline Med Surg 2011;13:800803.
  • 33
    Allen TA, Jones RL, Purvance J. Microbiologic evaluation of canine urine: Direct microscopic examination and preservation of specimen quality for culture. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1987;190:12891291.
  • 34
    Seguin MA, Vaden SL, Altier C, et al. Persistent urinary tract infections and reinfections in 100 dogs (1989-1999). J Vet Intern Med 2003;17:622631.