• 1
    Aleman M, Williams DC, Brosnan RJ, et al. Sensory nerve conduction and somatosensory evoked potentials of the trigeminal nerve in horses with idiopathic headshaking. J Vet Intern Med 2013. 10.1111/jvim.12191:1-10.
  • 2
    Taylor KD, Mills DS. Headshaking syndrome. In: Robinson NE, Sprayberry KA, eds. Current Therapy in Equine Medicine, 6th ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier; 2009:103107.
  • 3
    Madigan JE, Bell SA. Owner survey of headshaking in horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001;219:334337.
  • 4
    Madigan JE, Bell SA. Characterisation of headshaking syndrome—31 cases. Equine Vet J Suppl 1998;27:2829.
  • 5
    Millls DS, Cook S, Taylor K, et al. Analysis of the variations in clinical signs shown by 254 cases of equine headshaking. Vet Rec 2002;150:236240.
  • 6
    Berger JM, Bell SA, Holmberg BJ, et al. Successful treatment of head shaking by use of infrared diode laser deflation and coagulation of corpora nigra cysts and behavioral modification in a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;233:16101612.
  • 7
    Blythe LL, Watrous BJ, Pearson EG. Otitis media/interna in the horse—A cause of head shaking and skull fractures. Am Assoc Equine Pract 1990;36:517528.
  • 8
    Kold SE, Ostblom LC, Philipsen HP. Headshaking caused by a maxillary osteoma in a horse. Equine Vet J 1982;14:167169.
  • 9
    Mair TS. Headshaking associated with Trombicula autumnalis larval infestation in two horses. Equine Vet J 1994;26:244245.
  • 10
    McGorum BC, Dixon PM. Vasomotor rhinitis with headshaking in a pony. Equine Vet J 1990;22:220222.
  • 11
    Mills D, Geering R. Equine headshaking survey. Vet Rec 1997;141:504.
  • 12
    Moore LA, Johnson PJ, Messer NT, et al. Management of headshaking in three horses by treatment for protozoal myeloencephalitis. Vet Rec 1997;141:264267.
  • 13
    Voigt A, Saulez MN, Donnellan CM. Nuchal crest avulsion fracture in 2 horses: A cause of headshaking. J S Afr Vet Assoc 2009;80:111113.
  • 14
    Roberts V. Idiopathic headshaking in horses: Understanding the pathophysiology. Vet Rec 2011;168:1718.
  • 15
    Newton SA, Knottenbelt DC, Eldridge PR. Headshaking in horses: Possible aetiophathogenesis suggested by the results of diagnostic tests and several treatment regimes used in 20 cases. Equine Vet J 2000;32:208216.
  • 16
    Madigan JE, Kortz G, Murphy C, et al. Photic headshaking in the horse: 7 cases. Equine Vet J 1995;27:306311.
  • 17
    Mair TS. Assessment of bilateral infra-orbital nerve blockade and bilateral infra-orbital neurectomy in the investigation and treatment of idiopathic headshaking. Equine Vet J 1999;31:262264.
  • 18
    Roberts VLH, Perkins JD, Skarlina E, et al. Caudal anaesthesia of the infraorbital nerve for diagnosis of idiopathic headshaking and caudal compression of the infraorbital nerve for its treatment, in 58 horses. Equine Vet J 2013;45:107110.
  • 19
    Budras KD, Sack WO, Rock S, et al. Anatomy of the Horse, 5th ed. Hannover: Schlutersche; 2009.
  • 20
    de Siqueira SR, Nobrega JC, Valle LB, et al. Idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia: Clinical aspects and dental procedures. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2004;98:311315.
  • 21
    Mair TS, Howarth S, Lane JG. Evaluation of some prophylactic therapies for the idiopathic headshaker syndrome. Equine Vet J Suppl 1992;11:1012.
  • 22
    Mills DS, Cook S, Jones B. Reported response to treatment among 245 cases of equine headshaking. Vet Rec 2002;150:311313.
  • 23
    Mills DS, Taylor K. Field study of the efficacy of three types of nose net for the treatment of headshaking in horses. Vet Rec 2003;152:4144.
  • 24
    Roberts VL, McKane SA, Williams A, et al. Caudal compression of the infraorbital nerve: A novel surgical technique for treatment of idiopathic headshaking and assessment of its efficacy in 24 horses. Equine Vet J 2009;41:165170.
  • 25
    Pickles KJ, Berger J, Davies R, et al. Use of a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone vaccine in headshaking horses. Vet Rec 2011;168:19.
  • 26
    Aleman M, Pickles KJ, Simonek G, et al. Latent equine herpesvirus-1 in trigeminal ganglia and equine idiopathic headshaking. J Vet Intern Med 2011;26:192194.