• 1
    Buchanan JW. Patent ductus arteriosus morphology, pathogenesis, types and treatment. J Vet Cardiol 2001;3:716.
  • 2
    Takahashi Y, Harada K, Ishida A, et al. Changes in left ventricular volume and systolic function before and after the closure of ductus arteriosus in full-term infants. Early Hum Dev 1996;44:7785.
  • 3
    Jeong Y, Song J, Park J, et al. Left ventricular remodeling and change of systolic function after closure of patent ductus arteriosus in adults: Device and surgical closure. Am Heart J 2007;154:436440.
  • 4
    Kim YH, Choi HJ, Cho Y, et al. Transient left ventricular dysfunction after percutaneous patent ductus arteriosus closure in children. Korean Circ J 2008;38:596600.
  • 5
    Van Israel N, Dukes-McEwan J, French AT. Long-term follow-up of dogs with patent ductus arteriosus. J Small Anim Pract 2003;44:480490.
  • 6
    Campbell FE, Thomas WP, Miller SJ, et al. Immediate and late outcomes of transarterial coil occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus in dogs. J Vet Intern Med 2006;20:8396.
  • 7
    Saunders AB, Miller MW, Gordon SG, Bahr A. Echocardiographic and angiographic comparison of ductal dimensions in dogs with patent ductus arteriosus. J Vet Intern Med 2007;21:6875.
  • 8
    Gupta SK, Krishnamoorthy K, Tharakan JA, et al. Percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus in children: Immediate and short-term changes in left ventricular systolic and diastolic function. Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2011;4:139144.
  • 9
    Galal MO, Amin M, Hussein A, et al. Left ventricular dysfunction after closure of large patent ductus arteriosus. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2005;13:2429.
  • 10
    Eerola A, Jokinen E, Boldt T, Pihkala J. The influence of percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus on left ventricular size and function. J Am Coll Cardiol 2006;47:10601066.
  • 11
    Hildebrandt N, Schnieder C, Schweigl T, Schneider M. Long-term follow-up after transvenous single coil embolization of patent ductus arteriosus in dogs. J Vet Intern Med 2010;24:14001406.
  • 12
    Birchard SJ, Bonagura JD, Fingland RB. Results of ligaton of patent ductus arteriosus in dogs: 201 cases (1969–1988). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1990;196:20112013.
  • 13
    Stauthammer CD, Tobias AH, Leeder DB, et al. Structural and functional cardiovascular changes and their consequences following interventional patent ductus arteriosus occlusion in dogs: 24 cases (2000–2006). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2013;242:17221726.
  • 14
    Cornell CC, Kittleson MD, Della Torre P, et al. Allometric scaling of M-mode cardiac measurements in normal adult dogs. J Vet Intern Med 2004;18:311321.
  • 15
    Buchanan JW, Bucheler J. Vertebral scale system to measure canine heart size in radiographs. J Am Vet Med 1995;206:194199.
  • 16
    Achen SE, Miller MW, Gordon SG, et al. Transarterial ductal occlusion with the Amplatzer vascular plug in 31 dogs. J Vet Intern Med 2008;22:13481352.
  • 17
    Atkins C, Bonagura J, Ettinger S, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of canine chronic valvular heart disease. J Vet Intern Med 2009;23:11421150.
  • 18
    Bureau S, Monnet E, Orton EC. Evaluation of survival rate and prognostic indicators for surgical treatment of left-to-right patent ductus arteriosus in dogs: 52 cases (1995–2003). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005;227:17941799.
  • 19
    Eyster GE, Eyster JT, Cords GB, et al. Patent ductus arteriosus in the dog: Characteristics of occurrence and results of surgery in one hundred consecutive cases. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1976;168:435438.
  • 20
    Van Israel JN, French AT, Dukes-McEwan J, Corcoran BM. Review of left-to-right shunting patent ductus arteriosus and short term outcome in 98 dogs. J Small Anim Pract 2002;43:395400.
  • 21
    Goodwin JK, Lombard CW. Patent ductus arteriosus in adult dogs: Clinical features in 14 cases. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1992;28:349354.
  • 22
    Ackerman N, Burk R, Hahn AW, Hayes HM Jr. Patent ductus arteriosus in the dog: A retrospective study of radiographic, epidemiologic, and clinical findings. Am J Vet Res 1978;39:18051810.
  • 23
    Buchanan JW. Prevalence of cardiovascular disorders. In: Fox PR, Sisson D, Moise NS, ed. Textbook of Canine and Feline Cardiology. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 1999:457470.
  • 24
    Bomassi E, Libermann S, Bille C, Rattez E. Patent ductus arteriosus in a family of Chihuahuas. J Sm Anim Pract 2011;52:213219.
  • 25
    Goodrich KR, Kyles AE, Kass PH, Campbell F. Retrospective comparison of surgical ligation and transarterial catheter occlusion for treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in two hundred and four dogs (1993–2003). Vet Surg 2007;36:4349.
  • 26
    Masura J, Tittel P, Gavora P, Podnar T. Long-term outcome of transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus closure using Amplatzer duct occluders. Am Heart J 2006;151:755.e7755.e10.
  • 27
    Warnes CA, Williams RG, Bashore TM, et al. ACC/AHA 2008 guidelines for the management of adults with congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2008;52:143263.
  • 28
    Corti LB, Merkley D, Nelson OL, Ware WA. Retrospective evaluation of occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus with hemoclips in 20 dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2000;36:548555.
  • 29
    Van Israel N, French AT, Dukes-McEwan J, Welsh EM. Patent ductus arteriosus in the older dog. J Vet Cardiol 2003;5:1321.
  • 30
    Bonagura JD, Luis Fuentes V. Echocardiography. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, ed. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 2000:834873.