An abstract of this work was presented at the 54th Annual Congress of the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Birmingham, UK, April 2012
Coagulation Factor and Hemostatic Protein Content of Canine Plasma after Storage of Whole Blood at Ambient Temperature
Article first published online: 27 JAN 2014
Copyright © 2014 by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume 28, Issue 2, pages 571–575, March/April 2014
How to Cite
Walton, J.E., Hale, A.S., Brooks, M.B., Boag, A.K., Barnett, W. and Dean, R. (2014), Coagulation Factor and Hemostatic Protein Content of Canine Plasma after Storage of Whole Blood at Ambient Temperature. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 28: 571–575. doi: 10.1111/jvim.12277
- Issue published online: 15 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 27 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 5 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 30 JAN 2013
- Bioscience and Healthcare iNet
- East Midlands Development Agency
- Factor VIII;
- von Willebrand factor
Standard practice in canine blood banking is to produce fresh frozen plasma (FFP) by separating and freezing plasma produced from blood within 8 hours of collection. Within canine blood donation programs, this can limit the number of units collected.
The aim was to compare the coagulation factor and hemostatic protein content (CF&HPC) of plasma produced from blood stored at ambient temperature for 8, 12, and 24 hours. Another aim was to compare the CF&HPC between Greyhound types and other breeds.
In vitro study. A convenience sample of 58 units of canine blood from a blood donor pool was processed to prepare and freeze plasma 8, 12, or 24 hours following collection.
Regardless of time of processing, the units contained therapeutic CF&HPC. Frozen plasma prepared after 24 hours had significantly higher factor VIII (P = .014) and factor X (P = .03) when compared with the frozen plasma prepared at 8 hours. Factor X (P < .01), fibrinogen (P < .01), and vWF (P = .04) were significantly lower in plasma collected from Greyhound types than in plasma collected from other breeds.
Conclusions and Clinical Importance
Storing whole blood for up to 24 hours is a suitable method for producing FFP. Lower values for some coagulation factors and hemostatic proteins in plasma produced from Greyhound types would not preclude these dogs as FFP donors.