Qualitative and Quantitative Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonographic Assessment of Cerulein-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs
Article first published online: 24 FEB 2014
Copyright © 2014 by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume 28, Issue 2, pages 496–503, March/April 2014
Total views since publication: 79
How to Cite
Lim, S.Y., Nakamura, K., Morishita, K., Sasaki, N., Murakami, M., Osuga, T., Ohta, H., Yamasaki, M. and Takiguchi, M. (2014), Qualitative and Quantitative Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonographic Assessment of Cerulein-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 28: 496–503. doi: 10.1111/jvim.12319
- Issue published online: 15 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 24 FEB 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 11 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Received: 21 OCT 2013
- Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research. Grant Number: 23580436
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is the most common disease of the canine exocrine pancreas, and accurate noninvasive diagnosis is challenging.
To determine the feasibility of using quantitative contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) to detect pancreatic perfusional changes in cerulein-induced AP in dogs.
Six adult female Beagles.
Each dog received 2 hours of IV infusion with 7.5 μg/kg/h of cerulein diluted in saline. As control, all dogs received 2 hours of IV infusion of saline 2 weeks before cerulein infusion. CEUS of the pancreas and duodenum were performed before (0 hour), and at 2, 4, 6, and 12 hours after saline and cerulein infusion. Time-intensity curves were created from regions of interest in the pancreas and duodenum. Five perfusional parameters were measured for statistical analysis: time to initial up-slope, peak time, time to wash-out, peak intensity (PI), and area under the curve (AUC).
In cerulein-induced AP, pancreatic PI increased at 2 and 4 hours when compared to 0 hour, and at 2, 4, and 6 hours when compared to control. AUC increased at 4 hours when compared to 0 hour, and at 2 and 4 hours when compared to control. Time to wash-out was prolonged at 4 hours when compared to control. For saline control, peak time was faster at 2 hours when compared to 0 hour.
Conclusions and Clinical Importance
CEUS parameters PI and AUC can provide useful information in differentiating acute pancreatitis from normal pancreas. Cerulein-induced AP was characterized by prolonged hyperechoic enhancement on CEUS.