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Pharmacokinetics of doxycycline in tilapia (Oreochromis aureus × Oreochromis niloticus) after intravenous and oral administration

Authors

  • F. Yang,

    1. College of Animal Science and Technology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, China
    2. College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • Z. L. Li,

    1. College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • Q. Shan,

    1. Pearl River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Guangzhou, China
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  • Z. L. Zeng

    Corresponding author
    1. College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China
    • Z. L. Zeng, College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China. E-mail: zlzeng@scau.edu.cn

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Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of doxycycline was studied in plasma after a single dose (20 mg/kg) of intravenous or oral administration to tilapia (Oreochromis aureus × Oreochromis niloticus) reared in fresh water at 24 °C. Plasma samples were collected from six fish per sampling point. Doxycycline concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography with a 0.005 μg/mL limit of detection, then were subjected to noncompartmental analysis. Following oral administration, the double-peak phenomenon was observed, and the first (Cmax1) and second (Cmax2) peaks were 1.99 ± 0.43 μg/mL at 2.0 h and 2.27 ± 0.38 μg/mL at 24.0 h, respectively. After the intravenous injection, a Cmax2 (12.12 ± 1.97 μg/mL) was also observed, and initial concentration of 45.76 μg/mL, apparent elimination rate constant (λz) of 0.018 per h, apparent elimination half-life (t1/2λz) of 39.0 h, systemic total body clearance (Cl) of 41.28 mL/h/kg, volume of distribution (Vz) of 2323.21 mL/kg, and volume of distribution at steady-state (Vss) of 1356.69 mL/kg were determined, respectively. While after oral administration, the λz, t1/2λz, and bioavailability of doxycycline were 0.009 per h, 77.2 h, and 23.41%, respectively. It was shown that doxycycline was relatively slowly and incompletely absorbed, extensively distributed, and slowly eliminated in tilapia, in addition, doxycycline might undergo enterohepatic recycling in tilapia.

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