SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Betancourt, J.L., Van Devender, T.R. & Martin, P.S. (eds.) 1990. Woodrat middens: the last 40,000 years of biotic change. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ, US.
  • Booth, R.K., Jackson, S.T., Sousa, V.A., Sullivan, M.E., Minckley, T.A. & Clifford, M. 2012. Multidecadal drought and amplified moisture variability drove rapid forest community change in a humid region. Ecology 93: 219226.
  • Chapman, H.H. 1932. Is the longleaf type a climax? Ecology 13: 328334.
  • Chiarucci, A., Araujo, M.B., Decocq, G., Beierkuhnlein, C. & Fernandez-Palacios, J.M. 2010. The concept of potential natural vegetation: an epitaph? Journal of Vegetation Science 21: 11721178.
  • Cowles, H.C. 1901. The physiographic ecology of Chicago and vicinity. Botanical Gazette, 31: 73108.145–182.
  • Daubenmire, R. 1952. Forest vegetation of northern Idaho and adjacent Washington, and its bearing on concepts of vegetation classification. Ecological Monographs 22: 301330.
  • Daubenmire, R. 1966. Vegetation: identification of typal communities. Science 151: 291298.
  • Davis, M.B. 1981. Quaternary history and the stability of forest communities. In West, D.C., Shugart, H.H. & Botkin, D.B. (eds.) Forest succession: concepts and applications, pp. 132154. Springer, New York, NY, US.
  • Davis, M.B., Calcote, R., Sugita, S. & Takahara, H. 1998. Patchy invasion and the origin of a hemlock–hardwoods forest mosaic. Ecology 79: 26412659.
  • Gill, J.L., Williams, J.W., Jackson, S.T., Lininger, K.B. & Robinson, G.S. 2009. Pleistocene megafaunal collapse, novel plant communities, and enhanced fire regimes in North America. Science 326: 11001103.
  • Gill, J.L., Williams, J.W., Jackson, S.T., Donnelly, J.P. & Schellinger, G.C. 2012. Climatic and megaherbivory controls on late-glacial vegetation dynamics: a new, high-resolution, multi-proxy record from Silver Lake, Ohio. Quaternary Science Reviews 34: 6680.
  • Gray, S.T., Betancourt, J.L., Jackson, S.T. & Eddy, R.G. 2006. Role of multidecadal climatic variability in a range extension of pinyon pine. Ecology 87: 11241130.
  • Grossman, D.H., Faber-Langendoen, D., Weakley, A.S., Anderson, M., Bourgeron, P., Crawford, R., Goodin, K., Landaal, S., Metzler, K., Patterson, K.D., Pyne, M., Reid, M. & Sneddon, L. 1998. International classification of ecological communities: terrestrial vegetation of the United States. Volume I. The National Vegetation Classification System: development, status, and applications. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA, US.
  • Härdtle, W. 1995. On the theoretical concept of the potential natural vegetation and proposals for an up-to-date modification. Folia Geobotanica and Phytotaxonomica 30: 263276.
  • Hotchkiss, S.C., Calcote, R. & Lynch, E.A. 2007. Response of vegetation and fire to Little Ice Age climate change: regional continuity and landscape heterogeneity. Landscape Ecology 22: 2541.
  • Jackson, S.T. 2006. Vegetation, environment, and time: the origination and termination of ecosystems. Journal of Vegetation Science 17: 549557.
  • Jackson, S.T. 2012. Conservation and resource management in a changing world: Extending historical range-of-variability beyond the baseline. In Wiens, J., Regan, C., Hayward, G. & Safford, H. (eds.) Historical environmental variation in conservation and natural resource management, pp. 92109. Blackwell Wiley, Oxford, UK.
  • Jackson, S.T., Betancourt, J.L., Booth, R.K. & Gray, S.T. 2009. Ecology and the ratchet of events: climate variability, niche dimensions, and species distributions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106: 1968519692.
  • Kirkman, L.K. & Mitchell, R.J. 2006. Conservation management of Pinus palustris ecosystems from a landscape perspective. Applied Vegetation Science 9: 6774.
  • Küchler, A.W. 1964. The potential natural vegetation of the conterminous United States. American Geographical Society, Special Publication No. 36. New York, NY, US.
  • Küchler, A.W. 1967. Vegetation mapping. Ronald Press, New York, NY, US.
  • Lyford, M.E., Jackson, S.T., Betancourt, J.L. & Gray, S.T. 2003. Influence of landscape structure and climate variability on a late Holocene plant migration. Ecological Monographs 73: 567583.
  • McCune, B. & Allen, T.F.H. 1985. Will similar forests develop on similar sites? Canadian Journal of Botany 63: 367376.
  • Millspaugh, S.H., Whitlock, C. & Bartlein, P.J. 2000. Variations in fire frequency and climate over the past 17 000 yr in central Yellowstone National Park. Geology 28: 211214.
  • Mitchell, R.J., Hiers, J.K., O'Brien, J.J., Jack, S.B. & Engstrom, R.T. 2006. Silviculture that sustains: the nexus between silviculture, frequent prescribed fire, and conservation of biodiversity in longleaf pine forests of the southeastern United States. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36: 27242736.
  • Munoz, S.E., Gajewski, K. & Peros, M.C. 2010. Synchronous environmental and cultural change in the prehistory of the northeastern United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107: 2200822013.
  • Palmer, M.W. & White, P.S. 1994. On the existence of communities. Journal of Vegetation Science 5: 279282.
  • Reiners, W.R. & Lockwood, J.A. 2010. Philosophical foundations for the practices of ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Shuman, B.N., Newby, P. & Donnelly, J.P. 2009a. Abrupt climate change as an important agent of ecological change in the Northeast U.S. through the past 15,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 16931709.
  • Shuman, B., Henderson, A.K., Plank, C., Stefanova, I. & Ziegler, S.S. 2009b. Woodland-to-forest transition during prolonged drought in Minnesota after ca AD 1300. Ecology 90: 22792807.
  • Swetnam, T.W. & Betancourt, J.L. 1998. Mesoscale disturbance and ecological response to decadal climatic variability in the American Southwest. Journal of Climate 11: 31283147.
  • Vale, T.R. (ed.) 2002. Fire, native peoples, and the natural landscape. Island Press, Washington DC, US.
  • Wahlenberg, W.G. 1946. Longleaf pine: its use, ecology, regeneration, protection, growth, and management. Charles Lathrop Pack Forestry Foundation, Washington, DC, US.
  • Webb, T. III 1981. The past 11,000 years of vegetational change in eastern North America. BioScience 31: 501506.
  • Webb, T. III 1986. Is vegetation in equilibrium with climate? How to interpret late-Quaternary pollen data. Vegetatio 67: 7591.
  • Webb, T.. III. 1988. Eastern North America. In B. Huntley, B. & Webb, T. III (eds.) Vegetation history, pp. 385414. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, NL.
  • Whitlock, C. 1993. Postglacial vegetation and climate of Grand Teton and southern Yellowstone National Parks. Ecological Monographs 63: 173198.
  • Williams, J.W., Shuman, B.N. & Webb, T. III 2001. Dissimilarity analyses of late-Quaternary vegetation and climate in eastern North America. Ecology 82: 33463362.
  • Williams, J.W., Shuman, B.N., Webb, T. III, Bartlein, P.J. & Leduc, P.L. 2004. Late Quaternary vegetation dynamics in North America: scaling from taxa to biomes. Ecological Monographs 74: 309333.