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Keywords:

  • Functional trait;
  • Ecosystem functioning;
  • Biotic interactions;
  • Plant-soil interactions;
  • Biotic control;
  • Environmental change;
  • Pollination;
  • Grassland;
  • Soil nitrogen;
  • Field margins

Abstract

A novel conceptual framework is presented that proposes to apply trait-based approaches to predicting the impact of environmental change on ecosystem service delivery by multi-trophic systems. Development of the framework was based on an extension of the response–effect trait approach to capture functional relationships that drive trophic interactions. The framework was populated with worked examples to demonstrate its flexibility and value for linking disparate data sources, identifying knowledge gaps and generating hypotheses for quantitative models.