jvs12099-sup-0001-AppendixS1.docxWord document1790K

Appendix S1. Photos depicting an exclosure limiting ungulate browsing in the study area.

Appendix S1a. Ungulate exclosure showing regular aspen recruitment within fenced area, Book Cliffs, Utah, US.

Appendix S1b. Alternate view of S1a showing the opposite side of the ungulate exclosure, Book Cliffs, Utah, US.

Appendix S1c. Close-up of corner posts of ungulate exclosure depicting 0.5-m gap at base that allows mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) access, but not elk (Cervus elaphus) or cattle (Bos spp.), Book Cliffs, Utah, US.


Please note: Wiley Blackwell is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. Any queries (other than missing content) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article.