These authors contributed equally to this work.
Variation of Color and Ray Pattern in Juvenile Shells in Hatchery-produced Freshwater Triangle Pearl Mussels, Hyriopsis cumingii, in China
Article first published online: 9 FEB 2013
© Copyright by the World Aquaculture Society 2013
Journal of the World Aquaculture Society
Volume 44, Issue 1, pages 154–160, February 2013
How to Cite
Wen, H., Gu, R., Cao, Z., Zhou, X., Nie, Z., Ge, X., Xu, P., Zhou, X., Nie, Z., Ge, X., Xu, P. and Hua, D. (2013), Variation of Color and Ray Pattern in Juvenile Shells in Hatchery-produced Freshwater Triangle Pearl Mussels, Hyriopsis cumingii, in China. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 44: 154–160. doi: 10.1111/jwas.12013
- Issue published online: 9 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 9 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 28 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 21 MAY 2012
- Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest. Grant Number: 200903028
- National Nonprofit Institute Research Grant of Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy Fisheries Science. Grant Number: 2011JBFA18
The variation and inheritance of juvenile shell color and pigmentation pattern in the freshwater mussel, Hyriopsis cumingii, were reported in 1-yr-old progeny of eight families. There were three distinctive phenotypes of shell color and pigmentation patterns observed, including a greenish-brown shell with radial rays, yellowish-brown shell with radial rays, and yellowish-brown shell without radial rays. There were no greenish-brown individuals without radial rays. The shell color phenotypes showed variation with the growth in juvenile Stage I (1–3 cm in shell length), and the percentage of individuals with radial rays increased once they reached a shell length of 11 mm and then stabilized after reaching 20 mm in shell length. Shell color differentiation became more apparent at a shell length of 26 mm. Results of chi-square tests of the segregation ratio of shell color or ray phenotypes obtained from eight families at juvenile Stage II (6–9 cm in shell length) suggested that greenish-brown is controlled by a dominant allele (G) and yellowish-brown-shell phenotype is by a recessive allele (y); the ray pattern phenotype is controlled by a recessive (r) and a dominant allele (R) at a single locus. Shell color phenotypes may be a useful genetic marker for future selective breeding of triangle pearl mussels.