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Abstract

The dourado, Salminus brasiliensis, is an important fish in South American river basins. The fish-farming potential and concerns for its conservation in watersheds has stimulated studies with this species. This study compared the effect of different dilutions of two cryoprotectant solutions on the quality of cryopreserved dourado sperm (duration of motility/motility rate) post-thawing using three different activating solutions. The cryoprotectant solution ACP-104 was compared with the cryoprotectant solution most commonly used for dourado, which consists of a mixture of dimethyl sulfoxide, glucose, egg yolk, and distilled water. The semen was mixed following dilutions of semen : cryoprotectant solution: 1:3, 1:9, 1:15, 1:21, and 1:27. The cryopreserved samples were activated using distilled water, 0.45% NaCl or 1% NaHCO3. The results showed differences in thawed semen using the different activating solutions and cryoprotectant solutions. The glucose-based cryoprotectant not only resulted in sperm motility equal to or better than that produced by ACP-104, but the quality was not affected by the dilution. However, the sperm quality improved with increasing dilutions for ACP-104. Under the conditions tested, the standard cryoprotectant solution is recommended for the cryopreservation of dourado semen because it requires a lower solution volume and, therefore, reduced storage space for the same volume of semen.