Effects of the probiotic Arthrobacter sp. CW9 on the survival and immune status of white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei)

Authors

  • Z. Xia,

    1. School of Enviroment Science and Spacial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China
    2. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Huaihai Institute of Technology, Xinpu, China
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  • M. Zhu,

    1. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Huaihai Institute of Technology, Xinpu, China
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  • Y. Zhang

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Enviroment Science and Spacial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China
    2. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Huaihai Institute of Technology, Xinpu, China
    • Correspondence

      Yanqiu Zhang, School of Enviroment Science and Spacial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, 1 University road, 221116, Xuzhou, China. E-mail: yanqiuzhangpaper@163.com

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Abstract

The probiotic Arthrobacter sp. CW9 isolated from guts of white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) was used to improve the survival rate, growth rate and immune status of white shrimp (P. vannamei). Arthrobacter sp. CW9 was added to the saline rearing water at 0, 105, 106 and 107 CFU ml−1 once every 5 days during the 24-day breeding experiment. The probiotic group had significantly higher survival rates, mean shrimp weights, phenoloxidase activity, phagocytic activity and clearance efficiency compared with the control group (P < 0·05). Therefore, Arthrobacter sp. CW9 has both probiotic and immunostimulatory properties.

Significance and Impact of the Study

This study demonstrates that Arthrobacter sp. CW9 has both probiotic and immunostimulatory properties. Such new strain therefore represents an alternative to the use of white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) culture. New bacterial having both probiotic and immunostimulatory properties are the major novelty of this study. The results are of industrial relevance.

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