X. Q. Xiong, H. D. Liao, J. S. Ma, X. M. Liu, L. Y. Zhang, X. W. Shi, X. L. Yang, X. N. Lu and Y. H. Zhu
Significance and Impact of the Study: Rice straw, an abundant agricultural by-product in China, is very difficult to degrade because of its high lignin content. Due to the immense environmental adaptability and biochemical versatility of bacteria, endophytic bacteria are useful resources for biodegradation. In this study, we screened for endophytic bacteria capable of biodegrading rice straw and lignin and obtained one strain, Pantoea sp. Sd-1, with suitable characteristics. Sd-1 could be used for degradation of rice straw and lignin, and may play an important role in biodegradation of this agricultural by-product.