CC genotype donors for the interleukin-28B single nucleotide polymorphism are associated with better outcomes in hepatitis C after liver transplant
Roberto J. Firpi, University of Florida, Section of Hepatobiliary Diseases, 1600 SW Archer Rd, Room M440 MSB, P.O. Box 100277, JHMHC, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0214
Interleukin-28B (IL-28B) polymorphism is the strongest pretreatment predictor of viral clearance in the hepatitis C (HCV) population. Donor and recipient IL-28B genomic background may play an important role in post-transplant HCV recurrence. We sought to examine the role of IL-28B polymorphisms of donor and recipients in liver transplant patients with recurrent HCV and its impact on the response to interferon-based therapy.
The cohort study consisted of 135 adult liver transplant patients who received interferon-based therapy for recurrent HCV between 1996 and 2005 at the University of Florida. IL-28B single nucleotide polymorphism (rs. 12979860) was characterized using liver tissue from all donors and recipients.
The CC genotype was observed in approximately 30% of donors and recipients. Sustained viral response (SVR) to HCV therapy was 100% if both recipient and donor were CC genotype, while the SVR was only 25% if neither donor nor recipient had a CC genotype. (Recipient, P = 0.025, Donor, P < 0.001). Recipients and donors with CC genotype had less fibrosis than recipients with genotypes CT and TT, but the difference was not statistically significant. IL-28B genotype did not seem to play a role in the overall survival in these patients.
In conclusion, recipient and donor CC genotype is associated with a better treatment response to interferon-based therapy after liver transplant. Our study suggests that using CC genotype donor livers for HCV patients may improve the overall clinical outcome after liver transplantation.