Metabolic and Steatohepatitis
Heterogeneity of fibrosis patterns in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease supports the presence of multiple fibrogenic pathways
Article first published online: 29 JAN 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Volume 33, Issue 4, pages 624–632, April 2013
How to Cite
Liver Int. 2013: 33: 624–632
- Issue published online: 12 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 29 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Received: 14 AUG 2012
- National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia
- The Queensland Government's Smart State Health and Medical Research Fund
- The Princess Alexandra Hospital Research and Development Foundation
- The Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital Research Foundation
- The Sasakawa Foundation
- bariatric surgery;
- fatty liver;
Adult non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) involves lobular necroinflammatory activity and fibrosis is typically centrilobular, whereas paediatric NAFLD has predominantly portal fibrosis. The reasons for these differences are unclear. We aimed to determine (a) how centrilobular and portal fibrosis in children relate to histological parameters; and (b) whether atypical fibrosis patterns exist in adults that are unexplained by current fibrogenesis models.
Histological features of paediatric (n = 38) and adult (n = 56) NAFLD were assessed using conventional scoring systems. Keratin-7 immunostaining was used to assess hepatic progenitor cell numbers and the ductular reaction. Centrilobular and portal components of fibrosis were independently scored and fibrosis patterns were classified according to accepted types. Post-treatment (rosiglitazone/gastric banding) biopsies were also examined in adults.
Twenty-six children (68.4%) had portal-predominant fibrosis, although the typical “adult” pattern was seen in 11 (28.9%). Portal fibrosis was associated with a ductular reaction (P = 0.021) and hepatic progenitor cell expansion (P < 0.001), whereas centrilobular fibrosis was associated with lobular inflammation (P = 0.026) and ballooning (P = 0.001). Before intervention, six adults (10.7%) had atypical fibrosis including 3 (5.4%) with a previously unrecognized pattern of very fine, non-zonal sinusoidal fibrosis. Despite improvements in steatosis and inflammation, more patients developed this unusual pattern after intervention with most having had surgery (9 of 10 adults; P < 0.001).
Differing associations with portal and centrilobular fibrosis in children and atypical fibrosis patterns in adults suggest that multiple fibrogenic pathways exist in NAFLD. This has implications for therapy and understanding pathogenesis.