Background & Aims
Acetaminophen (APAP) is widely used as an antipyretic agent which is safe at therapeutic doses. However, overdose of APAP induces fatal and non-fatal hepatic necroses. The chemical reactive metabolites of APAP initiate toxicity and inflammatory response within the liver and lead to acute liver failure. However, the mechanism underlying APAP-induced liver injury is unknown. Thioredoxin-1 (TRX-1) is an important redox regulator, which plays roles in resisting oxidative stress, regulating inflammation and inhibiting apoptosis. Panaxatriol saponin (PTS) is one of the biologically active fractions of Panax notoginseng which is a traditional Chinese medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism on PTS protecting liver from APAP hepatotoxicity.