Management of HCV transplant patients with triple therapy

Authors

  • Audrey Coilly,

    1. AP-HP Hôpital Paul Brousse, Centre Hépato-Biliaire, Villejuif, France
    2. Univ Paris-Sud, UMR-S 785, Villejuif, France
    3. Inserm, Unité 785, Villejuif, France
    4. Hepatinov, Villejuif, France
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    • first coauthors
  • Bruno Roche,

    1. AP-HP Hôpital Paul Brousse, Centre Hépato-Biliaire, Villejuif, France
    2. Inserm, Unité 785, Villejuif, France
    3. Hepatinov, Villejuif, France
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    • first coauthors
  • Jean-Charles Duclos-Vallée,

    1. AP-HP Hôpital Paul Brousse, Centre Hépato-Biliaire, Villejuif, France
    2. Univ Paris-Sud, UMR-S 785, Villejuif, France
    3. Inserm, Unité 785, Villejuif, France
    4. Hepatinov, Villejuif, France
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  • Didier Samuel

    Corresponding author
    1. AP-HP Hôpital Paul Brousse, Centre Hépato-Biliaire, Villejuif, France
    2. Univ Paris-Sud, UMR-S 785, Villejuif, France
    3. Inserm, Unité 785, Villejuif, France
    4. Hepatinov, Villejuif, France
    • Correspondence

      Didier Samuel, Centre Hépato-Biliaire, Hôpital Paul Brousse 12, avenue Paul Vaillant-Couturier, 94800 Villejuif, France

      Tel: +33 1 45 59 30 42

      Fax: +33 1 45 59 38 57

      e-mail: didier.samuel@pbr.aphp.fr

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Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the leading causes of end-stage liver disease and the main indication for liver transplantation (LT) in most countries. All patients who undergo LT with detectable serum HCV RNA experience graft reinfection. Between 20 and 30% of patients have developed cirrhosis at 5 years post-LT. The outcome of transplant patients with cirrhosis on the graft is severe, with a rate of decompensation at 1 year of approximately 40%. To date, retransplantation is the only option in patients with decompensated liver disease. Until 2011, standard antiviral therapy with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV), was the only effective therapy. Obtaining a sustained virological response (SVR) in patients with LT greatly improves overall and graft survival but this only occurs in 30% of transplanted patients. Direct acting antivirals (DAAs) such as protease inhibitors (PI), polymerase or other non-structural proteins inhibitors represent a new era in HCV associated liver disease. Although their use in the field of LT will certainly be essential there are some limitations because of safety and tolerance. One limitation is the potential interaction with calcineurin inhibitors. We describe the results of triple therapy with boceprevir (BOC) or telaprevir (TVR) for efficacy and safety and comment on future therapeutic strategies in liver transplant recipients.

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