Background & Aims
Microglia and astrocyte related pro-inflammatory responses are thought to underpin cerebral sequelae of acute liver failure. Conversely, despite background pro-inflammatory responses in cirrhosis, overt brain swelling and coma associated with acute-on-chronic liver failure, is infrequent unless precipitated (e.g. sepsis). Moreover in other chronic neurodegenerative disorders and sepsis, the brain is protected from recurrent microbial insults by compensatory microglial-associated immune responses. To characterise longitudinal cerebral immune responses in a bile duct-ligated (BDL) rat model of cirrhosis.