Background & Aims
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most prevalent liver disease in the world. However, the exact mechanisms that lead to development of advanced non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are unknown. Oxidative stress may be an important pathogenic factor in NASH. Manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2) is an important antioxidant phase 2 enzyme that can reduce reactive oxidative substances and protect hepatocytes. In contrast, cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) has pro-oxidant activity and may enhance oxidative stress and counteract the effect of SOD2. Little is known regarding the associations of genetic variants of these enzymes with the risk of NASH. We aimed to investigate the association of genetic variants of SOD2 and CYP2E1 with susceptibility to NASH.