I gratefully acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation (SES-0703418 and SES-0549973) and P.E.O. International. I thank Pamela Paxton, Vincent Roscigno, Wendy Smooth, and J. Craig Jenkins for their helpful comments on an earlier draft of this article. I also acknowledge the assistance of several scholars and activists who assisted in providing data for the underlying project from which this article was written, including Jerome Black, Majlinda Bregu, Soh Kee Bun, Ray Christiansen, Ina Druviete, Maximilian C. Forte, Milica Antić Gaber, Bernadette R. Ganilau, Josip Glaurdic, Anne Maria Holli, Veronika Kalmus, Heiko Meinhardt, Mohamad Maliki Osman, Prodip Saha, Terezija Stoisits, Tom Trier, and Andrew Wilder.
The Intersection of Gender and Minority Status in National Legislatures: The Minority Women Legislative Index
Article first published online: 22 OCT 2013
© 2013 The Comparative Legislative Research Center of The University of Iowa
Legislative Studies Quarterly
Volume 38, Issue 4, pages 489–516, November 2013
How to Cite
Hughes, M. M. (2013), The Intersection of Gender and Minority Status in National Legislatures: The Minority Women Legislative Index. Legislative Studies Quarterly, 38: 489–516. doi: 10.1111/lsq.12025
- Issue published online: 22 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 22 OCT 2013
- National Science Foundation. Grant Numbers: SES-0703418, SES-0549973
- P.E.O. International
To date, we are unaware to what extent gains in women's legislative representation have reached minority women. To facilitate cross-national research on minority women in politics, I present and explore new cross-national data on the election of women and men from 431 ethnic, racial, and religious groups to national legislatures in 81 countries between 2005 and 2007. I create a new measure scoring countries by minority women's representation relative to their share of the population—the Minority Women Legislative Index (MWLI). Descriptive analyses show minority women to be substantially underrepresented in national legislatures overall but their level of exclusion varies geographically.