The Further Education (FE) sector has been the Cinderella of English education, attracting less research, despite the large number of students who attend FE colleges. We ask whether the post-16 institution attended by the pupil, i.e. FE college or school-based provision, influences pupils' final achievement and whether the gain in pupil achievement at A level is greater in FE colleges as compared with school-based provision. Allowing for the fact that FE colleges admit more disadvantaged pupils, those who attend an FE college do marginally less well at A level. Sixth form colleges have significantly higher value-added, particularly for higher achieving pupils.