Cosmogenic neon in grains separated from individual chondrules: Evidence of precompaction exposure in chondrules

Authors

  • J. P. DAS,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory for Space Sciences, Physics Department, Washington University, CB 1105, 1 Brookings Drive, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
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    • Present address: Department of Earth Sciences, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244, USA

  • J. N. GOSWAMI,

    1. Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad-380009, India
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  • O. V. PRAVDIVTSEVA,

    1. Laboratory for Space Sciences, Physics Department, Washington University, CB 1105, 1 Brookings Drive, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
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  • A. P. MESHIK,

    1. Laboratory for Space Sciences, Physics Department, Washington University, CB 1105, 1 Brookings Drive, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
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  • C. M. HOHENBERG

    1. Laboratory for Space Sciences, Physics Department, Washington University, CB 1105, 1 Brookings Drive, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
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Corresponding author. E-mail: jdas@syr.edu

Abstract

Abstract– Neon was measured in 39 individual olivine (or olivine-rich) grains separated from individual chondrules from Dhajala, Bjurböle, Chainpur, Murchison, and Parsa chondrites with spallation-produced 21Ne the result of interaction of energetic particle irradiation. The apparent 21Ne cosmic ray exposure (CRE) ages of most grains are similar to those of the matrix with the exception of three grains from Dhajala and single grains from Bjurböle and Chainpur, which show excesses, reflecting exposure to energetic particles prior to final compaction of the object. Among these five grains, one from chondrule BJ2A5 of Bjurböle shows an apparent excess exposure age of approximately 20 Ma and the other four from Dhajala and Chainpur have apparent excesses, described as an “age,” from 2 to 17 Ma. The precompaction irradiation effects of grains from chondrules do not appear to be different from the effects seen in olivine grains extracted from the matrix of CM chondrites. As was the case for the matrix grains, there appears to be insufficient time for this precompaction irradiation by the contemporary particle sources. The apparent variations within single chondrules appear to constrain precompaction irradiation effects to irradiation by lower energy solar particles, rather than galactic cosmic rays, supporting the conclusion derived from the precompaction irradiation effects in CM matrix grains, but for totally different reasons. This observation is consistent with Chandra X-Ray Observatory data for young low-mass stars, which suggest that our own Sun may have been 105 times more active in an early naked T-Tauri phase (Feigelson et al. 2002).

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