SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Arnold J. R. and Libby W. F. 1951. Radiocarbon dates. Science 113:111120.
  • Bender K. C. and Buchwald V. F. 1994. Weathering of iron meteorites from Monturaqui, Chile. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 29:443.
  • Bjorkman J. K. 1973. Meteors and meteorites in the ancient near east. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 8:91132.
  • Brunton G. 1935. Pesesh kef amulets. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Egypt 35:213217.
  • Buchwald V. F. 1975. Handbook of iron meteorites. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 583584
  • Buchwald V. F. 1979. Seven severely altered hexahedrites, sensitive to grain boundary corrosion. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 14:359361.
  • Buchwald V. F. 1992. On the use of iron by Eskimos in Greenland. Materials Characterisation 29:139176.
  • Buchwald V. F. and Clarke R. S. 1989. Corrosion of Fe-Ni alloys by Cl- containing akaganéite (β-FeOOH): The Antarctic meteorite case. American Mineralogist 74:656667.
  • Buchwald V. F. and Koch C. B. 1995. Hibbingite (β-Fe2(OH)3Cl) a chlorine-rich corrosion product in meteorites and ancient iron objects. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 30:493.
  • Budge E. A. W. 1926. Cleopatra's needles and other Egyptian obelisks. London: The Religious Tract Society.
  • Carter H. 1927. The tomb of Tutankhamen: The burial chamber. London: Cassel and Company. Reprinted by Duckworth and Co., 2001.
  • Carter H. 1933. The tomb of Tutankhamen: The annex and treasury. London: Cassel and Company. Reprinted by Duckworth and Co., 2000.
  • Desch C. H. 1928. Reports on the metallurgical examination of specimens for the Sumerian Committee of the British Association. London: Reports of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. 437 p.
  • El-Gayer E. S. 1995. Predynastic iron beads from Gerzeh. Institute for Archaeo-metallurgical Studies 19:1112.
  • Folco L., Di Martino M., El Barkooky A., D'Oranzio M., Lethy A., Urbini S., Nicolosi L., Hafez M., Cordier C., van Ginneken M., Zeoli A., Radwan A. M., El Khrepy S., El Gabry M., Gomaa M., Barakat A. A., Serra R., and El Sharkawi M. 2010. The Kamil crater in Egypt. Science 329:804.
  • Forbes R. J. 1950. Metallurgy in antiquity: A notebook for archaeologists and technologists. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
  • Gettens J. R., Clarke R. S., and Chase W. T. 1971. Occasional papers, vol. 4. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. 1 p.
  • Grogan R. M. 1948. Beads of metal iron from an Indian mound near Havana, Illinois. American Antiquity 13:302305.
  • Harris J. R. 1961. Lexicographical studies in ancient Egyptian minerals. Berlin: Verlag.
  • Helmi F. and Barakat K. 1995. Micro analysis of Tutankhamun's Dagger. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ancient Egyptian Mining & Metallurgy and Conservation of Metallic Artifacts. Cairo: Egyptian Antiquities Organizational Press.
  • Juleff G. 1996. An ancient wind powered iron smelting technology in Sri Lanka. Nature 379:6063.
  • Kemp B. J. 1991. Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a civilization. New York: Routledge. 85 p.
  • Maxwell-Hyslop R. 1972. The metals Amutu and Asiu in the Kultepe Texts may also mean iron. Anatolian Studies 22:159162.
  • McCoy T. J., Marquardt A. E., Vicenzi E. P., Ash R. D., and Wasson J. T. 2008. Meteoritic metal from the Havana, Illinois Hopewell mounds (abstract #1984). 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. CD-ROM.
  • Mercer S. A. B. 1939. The Tell el Amarna Tablets, vol. 1. Toronto: Macmillan.
  • Ogden J. 2009. Metals. In Ancient Egyptian materials and technologies, edited by Nicholson P. T. and Shaw I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 148176.
  • Panseri C. and Leoni F. 1967. Research on an iron spearhead from the Etruscan Sanctuary of Fanum Voltumnae, fourth to third century B.C. In Archaeological chemistry. A symposium, edited by Levy M. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 205229.
  • Petrie W. M. F. 1883. The Pyramids and temples of Gizeh. London: Field & Tuer. pp. 212213.
  • Petrie W. M. F. 1886. Naukratis, vol. I. London: The Egypt Exploration Fund. 39 p.
  • Petrie W. M. F. and Wainwright G. A. 1912. The labyrinth Gerzeh and Mazghuneh. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt, University College.
  • Photos E. 1989. The question of meteoritic versus smelted nickel-rich iron: Archaeological evidence and experimental results. World Archaeology 20:403421.
  • Piaskowski J. 1982. A study of the origin of the ancient high nickel iron generally regarded as meteoritic. In Early technology, edited by Wertime T. A. and Wertime S. F. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. pp. 237423.
  • Reibold M., Paufler P., Levin A. A., Kochmann W., Patzke N., and Meyer D. C. 2006. Materials: Carbon nanotubes in an ancient Damascus sabre. Nature 444:286.
  • Reiter K. 1997. Die Metalle im Alten Orient unter besonderer Berucksichtigung altbabylonischer Quellen. Munster: Ugarit-Verlag.
  • Remler P. 2010. Egyptian mythology A to Z, 3rd ed. New York: Chelsea House. 24 p.
  • Roth A. M. 1992. “The psš-kf” and the “opening of the mouth” ceremony: A ritual of birth and rebirth. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 78:113147.
  • Sherby O. D. and Wadsworth J. 1985. Damascus steels. Scientific American 252:112120.
  • Siegelova J. 1984. Gewinnung and Verarbeitung von Eisen im Hethitischen Reich im 2 Jahrtausends V.U.Z. Annals of the Naprstek Museum 12:71168.(Prague).
  • Sinopoli C. M. 2003. The political economy of craft production: Crafting empire in South India, c. 1350–1650. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Stevenson A. 2006. Gerzeh, a cemetery shortly before history. London: Golden House Publications. 67 p.
  • Stevenson A. 2009. Social relationships in Predynastic burials. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 95:175192.
  • Tilley D. and Bevan A. 1998. The prolonged weathering of iron and stony-iron meteorite and their anomalous contribution to the Australian regolith. In New approaches to an old continent, Proceedings of the 3rd Australian Regolith Conference, Kalgoorlie, Canberra, edited by Taylor G. and Pain C. F. Perth: Cooperative Research Centre for Landscape Evolution & Mineral Exploration (CRC LEME). pp. 77–88.
  • Tyldesley J. 2010. Myths and legends of ancient Egypt. London: Penguin Books Ltd.
  • Varoufakis G. 1982. The origin of Mycenaean and Geometric iron on the Greek mainland and in the Aegean islands. In Early metallurgy in Cyprus, edited by Muhly J. D., Maddin R., and Karageorghis V. Nicosia: Pierides Foundation. pp. 315322.
  • Wainwright G. A. 1912. Pre-dynastic iron beads in Egypt. Revue Archéologique 19:255259.
  • Wasson J. T. and Sedwick S. P. 1969. Possible source of meteoritic materials from Hopewell Indian burial mounds. Nature 222:2224.
  • Winlock H. E. 1921. Excavations at Thebes. Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, part II 50:2953.
  • Yoshikawa H., Gunji E., and Tokuda M. 2008. Long term stability of iron for more than 1500 years indicated by archaeological samples from the Yamato 6th tumulus. Journal of Nuclear Materials 379:112117.