The Bow City structure, southern Alberta, Canada: The deep roots of a complex impact structure?
Article first published online: 29 APR 2014
© The Meteoritical Society, 2014.
Meteoritics & Planetary Science
Volume 49, Issue 5, pages 872–895, May 2014
How to Cite
Glombick, P., Schmitt, D. R., Xie, W., Bown, T., Hathway, B. and Banks, C. (2014), The Bow City structure, southern Alberta, Canada: The deep roots of a complex impact structure?. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 49: 872–895. doi: 10.1111/maps.12296
- Issue published online: 19 MAY 2014
- Article first published online: 29 APR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Received: 22 JUL 2013
- Department of Physics
Geological and geophysical evidence is presented for a newly discovered, probable remnant complex impact structure. The structure, located near Bow City, southern Alberta, has no obvious morphological expression at surface. The geometry of the structure in the shallow subsurface, mapped using downhole geophysical well logs, is a semicircular structural depression approximately 8 km in diameter with a semicircular uplifted central region. Detailed subsurface mapping revealed evidence of localized duplication of stratigraphic section in the central uplift area and omission of strata within the surrounding annular region. Field mapping of outcrop confirmed an inlier of older rocks present within the center of the structure. Evidence of deformation along the eastern margin of the central uplift includes thrust faulting, folding, and steeply dipping bedding. Normal faults were mapped along the northern margin of the annular region. Isopach maps reveal that structural thickening and thinning were accommodated primarily within the Belly River Group. Evidence from legacy 2-D seismic data is consistent with the subsurface mapping and reveals additional insight into the geometry of the structure, including a series of listric normal faults in the annular region and complex faulting within the central uplift. The absence of any ejecta blanket, breccia, suevite, or melt sheet (based on available data) is consistent with the Bow City structure being the remnant of a deeply eroded, complex impact structure. Accordingly, the Bow City structure may provide rare access and insight into zones of deformation remaining beneath an excavated transient crater in stratified siliciclastic target rocks.