Students of speciation have long recognized that hybridization between populations does not affect all parts of the genome in the same way (Key 1968, Bazykin 1969, Wu 2001, Nosil et al. 2009). For example, divergence is expected to be high at loci involved in Dobzhansky–Muller incompatibilities or at loci under divergent natural selection, while those that are effectively neutral should show only weak divergence. Studies that examine geographical clines at divergent loci in a hybrid zone can be particularly powerful, as here one can estimate how net selection is affecting each locus (Payseur 2010). An excellent example of this approach appears in this issue (Larson et al. 2014) for a hybrid zone between the crickets Gryllus firmus and Gryllus pennsylvanicus in the eastern United States.