I am grateful to two anonymous referees for extremely helpful comments, and to Steve Clarke for useful suggestions. I have also benefited from discussion with Joshua Greene. Parts of this article were presented at a symposium at the American Philosophical Association Meeting at Boston, and at the School of Psychology at the University of Birmingham. Work on this article was supported by a University Award from the Wellcome Trust (WT087208MF).
On the Wrong Track: Process and Content in Moral Psychology
Version of Record online: 29 OCT 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Mind & Language
Volume 27, Issue 5, pages 519–545, November 2012
How to Cite
Kahane, G. (2012), On the Wrong Track: Process and Content in Moral Psychology. Mind & Language, 27: 519–545. doi: 10.1111/mila.12001
Re-use of this article is permitted in accordance with the Terms and Conditions set out at http://wileyonlinelibrary.com/onlineopen#OnlineOpen_Terms
- Issue online: 29 OCT 2012
- Version of Record online: 29 OCT 2012
- 2008: Principled moral sentiment and the flexibility of moral judgment and decision making. Cognition, 108, 381–417.
- 2011: The mismeasure of morals: Antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas. Cognition, 121, 154–61. and
- 2009: The normative insignificance of neuroscience. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 37, 293–329.
- 2007: Selective deficit in personal moral judgment following damage to ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2, 84–92. , , and
- 2011: Who makes utilitarian judgments? The influences of emotions on utilitarian judgments. Judgment and Decision Making, 6, 580–92. and
- 2006: The role of conscious reasoning and intuition in moral judgment: testing three principles of harm. Psychological Science, 17, 1082–89.Direct Link:, and
- 2010: Our multi-system moral psychology: towards a consensus view. In J. M. Doris (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology, Oxford: Oxford University Press. , and
- 2006: Resolving emotional conflict: a role for the rostral anterior cingulate cortex in modulating activity in the amygdala. Neuron, 51, 871–82. , , , and
- 2007: Dual-processing accounts of reasoning, judgment, and social cognition. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 255–78.
- 1978: The problem of abortion and the doctrine of double effect. In Foot, Virtues and Vices. Oxford: Blackwell.
- 2010: Selective functional integration between anterior temporal and distinct fronto-mesolimbic regions during guilt and indignation. Neuroimage, 54, 1720–26. , , , , and
- 2008: The secret joke of Kant's soul. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), Moral Psychology: The Neuroscience of Morality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 35–79.
- 2009: Dual-process morality and the personal/impersonal distinction: a reply to McGuire, Langdon, Coltheart, and Mackenzie. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 581–84.
- 2002: How (and where) does moral judgment work? Trends in Cognitive Science, 6, 517–23. and
- 2009: Pushing moral buttons: the interaction between personal force and intention in moral judgment. Cognition, 111, 364–71. , , , , and
- 2008: Cognitive load selectively interferes with utilitarian moral judgment. Cognition, 107, 1144–54. , , , and
- 2004: The neural bases of cognitive conflict and control in moral judgment. Neuron, 44, 389–400. , , , and
- 2001: An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment. Science, 293, 2105–7. , , , and
- 2001: The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment. Psychological Review, 108, 814–34.
- 2007: The new synthesis in moral psychology. Science, 316, 998–1002.
- 2012: The Righteous Mind. New York: Pantheon.
- 2009: The role of emotion in moral psychology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13, 1–6. , and
- 2011: How the source, inevitability, and means of bringing about harm interact in folk-moral judgments. Mind & Language, 26, 210–33. M. and Pettit, P.
- 1891: The moral philosopher and the moral life. International Journal of Ethics, 1, 330–54.
- 2008: Do abnormal responses show utilitarian bias? Nature, 452, E5. and
- 2010: Methodological issues in the neuroscience of moral judgment. Mind & Language, 25, 561–82. and
- 2012: The neural basis of intuitive and counter-intuitive moral judgement. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 7, 393–402. , , , , and
- 2010: Neuroscience and moral reasoning: a note on recent research. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 37, 4, 330–45.
- 1797/1966: On a supposed right to lie from philanthropy. In M. J. Gregor (ed.), Practical Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 611–5.
- 2007: Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements. Nature, 446, 908–11. , , , , , and
- 2012: Hamilton vs. Kant: pitting adaptations for altruism against adaptations for moral judgment. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 323–33. , and
- 2009: A reanalysis of the personal/impersonal distinction in moral psychology research. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(3), 577–80. , , and
- 2005: An investigation of moral judgement in frontotemporal dementia. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 18, 193–7. , and
- 2007: Moral judgments, emotions and the utilitarian brain. Trends in Cognitive Science, 11, 319–21. and ,
- 2008: Who shalt not kill? Individual differences in working memory capacity, executive control, and moral judgment. Psychological Science, 19, 549–57.Direct Link:, and
- 2009: A psychophysiological investigation of moral judgment after ventromedial prefrontal damage. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 1888–99. , , and
- 2005: Moral dilemmas and moral rules. Cognition, 100, 530–42. and
- 2010: Moral reasoning: hints and allegations. Topics in Cognitive Science, 2, 511–27. and ,
- 2012: Reflection and reasoning in moral judgment. Cognitive Science, 36, 163–77. , and
- 1930/2002: The Right and the Good. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- 2006: Consequences, action, and intention as factors in moral judgments: an fMRI investigation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 803–17. , , , and
- 1994: The Rejection of Consequentialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- 2010: Moral judgments recruit domain-general valuation mechanisms to integrate representations of probability and magnitude. Neuron, 76, 667–77. and
- 2005: Ethics and intuitions. Journal of Ethics, 9, 331–52.
- 1999: Who is Rational? Studies of Individual Differences in Reasoning. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
- 2009: Distinguishing the reflective, algorithmic, and autonomous minds: is it time for a tri-process theory? In J. Evans and K. Frankish (eds), In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 55–88.
- 2012: Expertise in moral reasoning? Order effects on moral judgment in professional philosophers and non-philosophers. Mind & Language, 27, 135–53. and
- 2012: Disrupting the right prefrontal cortex alters moral judgement. Social, Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 7, 282–88. , , , , , , , and
- 1985: The trolley problem. Yale Law Journal, 94, 1395–1415.
- 1966: Consistency and realism. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (Supp.), 40, 1–22.
- 1973: A critique of utilitarianism. In J. J. C. Smart and B.A.O Williams (eds), Utilitarianism: For and Against. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- 2009a: The neural basis of human social values: evidence from functional MRI. Cerebral Cortex, 19, 276–83. , , , , , and
- 2009b). Subgenual cingulate activity reflects individual differences in empathic concern. Neuroscience Letters, 457(2), 107–10. , , , and (