Is fungal foot infection the initiating and maintaining cause of knee osteoarthritis?


  • Arnošt Řenč

    Corresponding author
    1. Internal Department, Hospital Žatec o.p.s., Žatec, Czech Republic
    • Correspondence: MUDr Arnošt Řenč, U Cukrovaru 1084, 278 01 Kralupy nad Vltavou, Czech Republic.

      Tel.: +420 774 063 249. Fax: +420 110 124.


    Search for more papers by this author


So far fungal foot infection (FFI) has been considered as troubling, however, not dangerous, by the general public as well as doctors. Nevertheless, new immunology information and anatomy dispositions led us to the distinct suspicions. We propose a FFI–induced knee joint osteoarthritis (OA) model. We suppose repeated recurrences of fungal foot disease to be the initiating immunology impulse. The aim of the work is to introduce a new model and to determine antigen epitopes initiating and maintaining the knee OA using computer simulation. Freely accessible immunological databases and servers were used in this search. Presentable antigen epitopes in Trichophyton rubrum dermatophyte products were identified for molecules of the six most abundant alleles of DRB1 locus of human major histocompatibility complex. Subsequently, similar sequences in human joint peptides (collagens, aggrecan and others) were matched to these antigen epitopes by a comparative program. A number of pairs with very similar fungal and joint peptide sequences, supposed to initiate and maintain the knee OA antigen epitopes, were found. A FFI-induced knee joint OA model is shown to the medical community which can initiate further discussion, research and practical verification.