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Keywords:

  • diet modelling;
  • linear programming;
  • nutrition;
  • public health

Summary

With the global population expected to increase to 9 billion by 2050 coupled with concerns about food security in relation to climate change and increasing prosperity in many parts of the world causing desire for a less monotonous diet, efficient use of resources such as food becomes ever more important. While the prevalence of obesity is a cause for concern in many parts of the world, many people still go to bed hungry, and in many communities, obesity co-exists with poor diet quality. The result is a series of complex and challenging nutrition problems, such as the access to nutritionally adequate and affordable diets and the development of dietary recommendations. Diet modelling is a useful tool to help identify solutions to such complex questions and this paper summarises a session on this topic at the International Congress of Nutrition that took place in September 2013.